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Stoichiometric control of the density of states in PbS colloidal quantum dot solids

Balazs, D. M., Bijlsma, K. I., Fang, H-H., Dirin, D. N., Dobeli, M., Kovalenko, M. V. & Loi, M. A., Sep-2017, In : Science Advances. 3, 9, 8 p., eaao1558.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • Daniel M. Balazs
  • Klaas I. Bijlsma
  • Hong-Hua Fang
  • Dmitry N. Dirin
  • Max Dobeli
  • Maksym V. Kovalenko
  • Maria A. Loi

Colloidal quantum dots, and nanostructured semiconductors in general, carry the promise of overcoming the limitations of classical materials in chemical and physical properties and in processability. However, sufficient control of electronic properties, such as carrier concentration and carrier mobility, has not been achieved until now, limiting their application. In bulk semiconductors, modifications of electronic properties are obtained by alloying or doping, an approach that is not viable for structures in which the surface is dominant. The electronic properties of PbS colloidal quantum dot films are fine-tuned by adjusting their stoichiometry, using the large surface area of the nanoscale building blocks. We achieve an improvement ofmore than two orders ofmagnitude in the holemobility, from below 10(-3) to above 0.1 cm(2)/N.s, by substituting the iodide ligands with sulfide while keeping the electron mobility stable (similar to 1 cm(2)/V.s). This approach is not possible in bulk semiconductors, and the developed method will likely contribute to the improvement of solar cell efficiencies through better carrier extraction and to the realization of complex (opto) electronic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbereaao1558
Number of pages8
JournalScience Advances
Volume3
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep-2017

    Keywords

  • FIELD-EFFECT TRANSISTORS, THIN-FILM TRANSISTORS, ELECTRONIC DEVICES, LIGAND-EXCHANGE, POST-SYNTHESIS, SOLAR-CELLS, NANOCRYSTALS, TEMPERATURE, PERFORMANCE, MOBILITY

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