Publication

Stabilization strategies in biomass depolymerization using chemical functionalization

Questell-Santiago, Y. M., Galkin, M. V., Barta, K. & Luterbacher, J. S., 1-Jun-2020, In : Nature reviews chemistry. 4, 6, p. 311-330 20 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

A central feature of most lignocellulosic-biomass-valorization strategies is the depolymerization of all its three major constituents: cellulose and hemicellulose to simple sugars, and lignin to phenolic monomers. However, reactive intermediates, generally resulting from dehydration reactions, can participate in undesirable condensation pathways during biomass deconstruction, which have posed fundamental challenges to commercial biomass valorization. Thus, new strategies specifically aim to suppress condensations of reactive intermediates, either avoiding their formation by functionalizing the native structure or intermediates or selectively transforming these intermediates into stable derivatives. These strategies have provided unforeseen upgrading pathways, products and process solutions. In this Review, we outline the molecular driving forces that shape the deconstruction landscape and describe the strategies for chemical functionalization. We then offer an outlook on further developments and the potential of these strategies to sustainably produce renewable-platform chemicals. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-330
Number of pages20
JournalNature reviews chemistry
Volume4
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1-Jun-2020

    Keywords

  • LIGNIN MODEL COMPOUNDS, REDUCTIVE CATALYTIC FRACTIONATION, BOND-DISSOCIATION ENTHALPIES, PRIMARY ALCOHOL OXIDATION, NONENZYMATIC SUGAR PRODUCTION, CONCENTRATED-ACID-HYDROLYSIS, SYNCHROTRON X-RAY, LIGNOCELLULOSIC BIOMASS, GAMMA-VALEROLACTONE, IONIC LIQUIDS

ID: 127505900