Publication

Spirituality and health: their associations and measurement problems

Malinakova, K., 2019, [Groningen]: University of Groningen. 144 p.

Research output: ThesisThesis fully internal (DIV)

Copy link to clipboard

Documents

  • Title and contents

    Final publisher's version, 776 KB, PDF document

  • Chapter 1

    Final publisher's version, 913 KB, PDF document

  • Chapter 2

    Final publisher's version, 656 KB, PDF document

  • Chapter 3

    Final publisher's version, 772 KB, PDF document

  • Chapter 4

    Final publisher's version, 862 KB, PDF document

  • Chapter 5

    Final publisher's version, 1.01 MB, PDF document

  • Chapter 6

    Final publisher's version, 784 KB, PDF document

  • Chapter 7

    Final publisher's version, 1.3 MB, PDF document

    Embargo ends: 12/06/2021

    Request copy

  • Chapter 8

    Final publisher's version, 806 KB, PDF document

  • Summaries

    Final publisher's version, 680 KB, PDF document

  • Acknowledgements

    Final publisher's version, 611 KB, PDF document

  • About the author

    Final publisher's version, 779 KB, PDF document

  • Complete thesis

    Final publisher's version, 2.5 MB, PDF document

    Embargo ends: 12/06/2021

    Request copy

  • Propositions

    Final publisher's version, 529 KB, PDF document

Most studies report a positive association of religiosity and spirituality (R/S) with aspects of health. However, a smaller proportion reports mixed or negative associations. Therefore, the aim of this thesis was to assess the associations of R/S with different areas of health, focusing on the behavioural and psychological pathways, to explore possible sources of discrepant findings on R/S and health, and to present a new approach of R/S assessment. We used two nationally representative samples of Czechs (adolescent and adult) and one online adult sample.
We found that R/S was associated with a more active leisure time choices and a decreased risk behaviour. However, for cannabis and drugs use only the combination of both R and S was protective. Moreover, certain negative R/S experiences and attitudes, e.g. a perceived distance of God, were associated with a more adverse effect on mental health, especially when they followed a religious conversion. We also learned that the sociocultural context, type of R/S and especially measurement problems could contribute to the heterogeneity of the findings on the associations of R/S with health.
This thesis supports the findings of other authors on the pathways of associations of R/S with health and offers additional insights into these mechanisms. It also offers a new approach for measuring implicit attitudes in the area of R/S, based on using emotions from a display of faces as response categories. Using this approach could help to decrease the effect of bias due to social desirability in survey studies on attitudes.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
Supervisors/Advisors
Award date12-Jun-2019
Place of Publication[Groningen]
Publisher
Print ISBNs978-94-034-1706-6
Electronic ISBNs978-94-034-1705-9
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Download statistics

No data available

ID: 84202552