Publication

Specific plasmid patterns and high rates of bacterial co-occurrence within the coral holobiont

Leite, D. C. A., Salles, J. F., Calderon, E. N., van Elsas, J. D. & Peixoto, R. S., Feb-2018, In : Ecology and Evolution. 8, 3, p. 1818-1832 15 p.

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Despite the importance of coral microbiomes for holobiont persistence, the interactions among these arenot well understood. In particular, knowledge of the co-occurrence and taxonomic importance of specific members of the microbial core, as well as patterns of specific mobile genetic elements (MGEs), is lacking. We used seawater and mucus samples collected from Mussismilia hispida colonies on two reefs located in Bahia, Brazil, to disentangle their associated bacterial communities, intertaxa correlations, and plasmid patterns. Proxies for two broad-host-range (BHR) plasmid groups, IncP-1 and PromA, were screened. Both groups were significantly (up to 252 and 100%, respectively) more abundant in coral mucus than in seawater. Notably, the PromA plasmid group was detected only in coral mucus samples. The core bacteriome of M.hispidamucus was composed primarily of members of the Proteobacteria, followed by those of Firmicutes. Significant host specificity and co-occurrences among different groups of the dominant phyla (e.g., Bacillaceae and Pseudoalteromonadaceae and the genera Pseudomonas, Bacillus, and Vibrio) were detected. These relationships were observed for both the most abundant phyla and the bacteriome core, in which most of the operational taxonomic units showed intertaxa correlations. The observed evidence of host-specific bacteriome and co-occurrence (and potential symbioses or niche space co-dominance) among the most dominant members indicates a taxonomic selection of members of the stable bacterial community. In parallel, host-specific plasmid patterns could also be, independently, related to the assembly of members of the coral microbiome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1818-1832
Number of pages15
JournalEcology and Evolution
Volume8
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Feb-2018

    Keywords

  • co-occurrence, corals, holobiont, mobile genetic elements, plasmids, REEF-BUILDING CORAL, MUCUS-ASSOCIATED BACTERIA, HORIZONTAL GENE-TRANSFER, MUSSISMILIA-BRAZILIENSIS, MONTASTRAEA-FAVEOLATA, INTERACTION NETWORKS, ACROPORA-MILLEPORA, CLIMATE-CHANGE, HOST-RANGE, DIVERSITY

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