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Spatial concentration of manufacturing firms in China

Brakman, S., Garretsen, H. & Zhao, Z., Mar-2017, In : Papers in Regional Science. 96, p. S179-U214 28 p.

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  • Spatial concentration of manufacturing firms in China

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Applying the methodology developed by Duranton and Overman, we analyse localization and dispersion of firms in China. Using a unique and detailed dataset on manufacturing firms in China, we are able to follow the changes in location patterns of firms between 2002 and 2008. Our analysis shows that firms in China are more localized than in the UK or Japan. Localization is comparable to that in the US, and takes place at relatively small scales that are consistent with the size of Chinese cities. Localization increases rapidly, even in the relative short period between 2002 and 2008, especially new entrants localize. Private firms, firms from Hong-Kong, Macao and Taiwan, and foreign firms are more localized than state-owned firms. Our findings are consistent with the notion that China is increasingly liberalizing its economy, enabling (profit seeking) manufacturing firms to benefit from agglomeration economies.

Resumen Mediante la aplicacion de la metodologia desarrollada por Duranton y Overman, se analizo la localizacion y dispersion de empresas en China. Haciendo uso de un conjunto de datos unico y detallado sobre empresas manufactureras en China, el articulo ha logrado dar seguimiento a los cambios en los patrones de localizacion de las empresas entre 2002 y 2008. El analisis muestra que las empresas de China estan mas localizadas que en el Reino Unido o en Japon. La localizacion es comparable a la de los EE.UU., y se lleva a cabo a una escala relativamente pequena, consistente con el tamano de las ciudades chinas. La localizacion aumenta rapidamente, incluso en un periodo relativamente corto como 2002 a 2008, sobre todo para la localizacion de nuevas empresas. Las empresas privadas, las empresas de Hong Kong, Macao y Taiwan, y las empresas extranjeras estan mas localizadas que las empresas de propiedad estatal. Nuestros resultados estan en consonancia con la idea de que China esta liberalizando cada vez mas su economia, lo que permite que las empresas manufactureras centradas en lograr beneficios se beneficien de las economias de aglomeracion.

??: ????Duranton ? Overman????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????2002???2008????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????2002???2008?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????(?????)?????????????????????????????????

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S179-U214
Number of pages28
JournalPapers in Regional Science
Volume96
Publication statusPublished - Mar-2017

    Keywords

  • Spatial concentration, China, manufacturing firms, localization, GEOGRAPHIC CONCENTRATION, INDUSTRIES

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