Publication

Social Cognition Impairments in the Long Term Post Stroke

Nijsse, B., Spikman, J. M., Visser-Meily, J. M., de Kort, P. L. & van Heugten, C. M., Jul-2019, In : Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 100, 7, p. 1300-1307 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

APA

Nijsse, B., Spikman, J. M., Visser-Meily, J. M., de Kort, P. L., & van Heugten, C. M. (2019). Social Cognition Impairments in the Long Term Post Stroke. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 100(7), 1300-1307. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.023

Author

Nijsse, Britta ; Spikman, Jacoba M. ; Visser-Meily, Johanna M. ; de Kort, Paul L. ; van Heugten, Caroline M. / Social Cognition Impairments in the Long Term Post Stroke. In: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2019 ; Vol. 100, No. 7. pp. 1300-1307.

Harvard

Nijsse, B, Spikman, JM, Visser-Meily, JM, de Kort, PL & van Heugten, CM 2019, 'Social Cognition Impairments in the Long Term Post Stroke', Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 100, no. 7, pp. 1300-1307. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.023

Standard

Social Cognition Impairments in the Long Term Post Stroke. / Nijsse, Britta; Spikman, Jacoba M.; Visser-Meily, Johanna M.; de Kort, Paul L.; van Heugten, Caroline M.

In: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vol. 100, No. 7, 07.2019, p. 1300-1307.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Vancouver

Nijsse B, Spikman JM, Visser-Meily JM, de Kort PL, van Heugten CM. Social Cognition Impairments in the Long Term Post Stroke. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2019 Jul;100(7):1300-1307. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.023


BibTeX

@article{90b07cf6aaff44aa8d9f022c646607ab,
title = "Social Cognition Impairments in the Long Term Post Stroke",
abstract = "ObjectiveTo examine the presence of social cognition deficits and the relationship between social and general cognition (eg, attention, mental speed, verbal, visual, or memory abilities) in a large sample of chronic stroke patients and to identify stroke-related factors associated with social cognitive performance.DesignInception cohort study in which social cognition was assessed at 3-4 years post stroke.SettingStroke units in 6 general hospitals.ParticipantsThe data of 148 patients were available. Fifty controls without stroke (consisting of partners of patients and acquaintances of researchers) were recruited (N=198).InterventionsNot applicable.Main Outcome MeasuresPatients underwent neuropsychological assessment by means of tests for social cognition (emotion recognition, theory of mind [ToM], empathy, and behavior regulation) and general cognition. Subgroup analysis was performed to compare right hemisphere stroke patients with left hemisphere stroke patients. Correlations between general and social cognition tests were assessed. Multiple regression analyses were performed to identify demographic and stroke-related predictors of social cognitive performance.ResultsPatients performed significantly worse on emotion recognition (assessed with the Ekman 60-Faces test on total score as well as on the emotion anger), ToM (assessed with the Cartoon test), and behavior regulation (assessed with the Hayling test). Subgroup analysis revealed no differences between right and left hemisphere patients. Social cognition tests showed significant correlations with each other and with tests for visual perception, language, mental speed, cognitive flexibility, and memory. Older age, low level of education (and for ToM, also female sex) were predictors of worse performance on social cognition tests.ConclusionSocial cognition impairments are present in the long term post stroke, even in a group of mildly affected stroke patients, which may contribute to their long-term problems. Severity of impairments is determined mainly by demographic factors.",
keywords = "QUALITY-OF-LIFE, MIND IMPAIRMENTS, BRAIN-INJURY, DEFICITS, METAANALYSIS, RECOGNITION, CONNECTOME, LESIONS",
author = "Britta Nijsse and Spikman, {Jacoba M.} and Visser-Meily, {Johanna M.} and {de Kort}, {Paul L.} and {van Heugten}, {Caroline M.}",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.023",
language = "English",
volume = "100",
pages = "1300--1307",
journal = "Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation",
issn = "0003-9993",
publisher = "W B SAUNDERS CO-ELSEVIER INC",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Social Cognition Impairments in the Long Term Post Stroke

AU - Nijsse, Britta

AU - Spikman, Jacoba M.

AU - Visser-Meily, Johanna M.

AU - de Kort, Paul L.

AU - van Heugten, Caroline M.

PY - 2019/7

Y1 - 2019/7

N2 - ObjectiveTo examine the presence of social cognition deficits and the relationship between social and general cognition (eg, attention, mental speed, verbal, visual, or memory abilities) in a large sample of chronic stroke patients and to identify stroke-related factors associated with social cognitive performance.DesignInception cohort study in which social cognition was assessed at 3-4 years post stroke.SettingStroke units in 6 general hospitals.ParticipantsThe data of 148 patients were available. Fifty controls without stroke (consisting of partners of patients and acquaintances of researchers) were recruited (N=198).InterventionsNot applicable.Main Outcome MeasuresPatients underwent neuropsychological assessment by means of tests for social cognition (emotion recognition, theory of mind [ToM], empathy, and behavior regulation) and general cognition. Subgroup analysis was performed to compare right hemisphere stroke patients with left hemisphere stroke patients. Correlations between general and social cognition tests were assessed. Multiple regression analyses were performed to identify demographic and stroke-related predictors of social cognitive performance.ResultsPatients performed significantly worse on emotion recognition (assessed with the Ekman 60-Faces test on total score as well as on the emotion anger), ToM (assessed with the Cartoon test), and behavior regulation (assessed with the Hayling test). Subgroup analysis revealed no differences between right and left hemisphere patients. Social cognition tests showed significant correlations with each other and with tests for visual perception, language, mental speed, cognitive flexibility, and memory. Older age, low level of education (and for ToM, also female sex) were predictors of worse performance on social cognition tests.ConclusionSocial cognition impairments are present in the long term post stroke, even in a group of mildly affected stroke patients, which may contribute to their long-term problems. Severity of impairments is determined mainly by demographic factors.

AB - ObjectiveTo examine the presence of social cognition deficits and the relationship between social and general cognition (eg, attention, mental speed, verbal, visual, or memory abilities) in a large sample of chronic stroke patients and to identify stroke-related factors associated with social cognitive performance.DesignInception cohort study in which social cognition was assessed at 3-4 years post stroke.SettingStroke units in 6 general hospitals.ParticipantsThe data of 148 patients were available. Fifty controls without stroke (consisting of partners of patients and acquaintances of researchers) were recruited (N=198).InterventionsNot applicable.Main Outcome MeasuresPatients underwent neuropsychological assessment by means of tests for social cognition (emotion recognition, theory of mind [ToM], empathy, and behavior regulation) and general cognition. Subgroup analysis was performed to compare right hemisphere stroke patients with left hemisphere stroke patients. Correlations between general and social cognition tests were assessed. Multiple regression analyses were performed to identify demographic and stroke-related predictors of social cognitive performance.ResultsPatients performed significantly worse on emotion recognition (assessed with the Ekman 60-Faces test on total score as well as on the emotion anger), ToM (assessed with the Cartoon test), and behavior regulation (assessed with the Hayling test). Subgroup analysis revealed no differences between right and left hemisphere patients. Social cognition tests showed significant correlations with each other and with tests for visual perception, language, mental speed, cognitive flexibility, and memory. Older age, low level of education (and for ToM, also female sex) were predictors of worse performance on social cognition tests.ConclusionSocial cognition impairments are present in the long term post stroke, even in a group of mildly affected stroke patients, which may contribute to their long-term problems. Severity of impairments is determined mainly by demographic factors.

KW - QUALITY-OF-LIFE

KW - MIND IMPAIRMENTS

KW - BRAIN-INJURY

KW - DEFICITS

KW - METAANALYSIS

KW - RECOGNITION

KW - CONNECTOME

KW - LESIONS

U2 - 10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.023

DO - 10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.023

M3 - Article

VL - 100

SP - 1300

EP - 1307

JO - Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

JF - Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

SN - 0003-9993

IS - 7

ER -

ID: 86405928