Small airway hyperresponsiveness in COPD: Relationship between structure and function in lung slicesMaarsingh, H., Bidan, C. M., Brook, B. S., Zuidhof, A. B., Elzinga, C. R. S., Smit, M., Oldenburger, A., Gosens, R., Timens, W. & Meurs, H., Mar-2019, In : American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology. 316, 3, p. L537-L546 10 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
The direct relationship between pulmonary structural changes and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is unclear. We investigated AHR in relation to airway and parenchymal structural changes in a guinea pig model of COPD and in COPD patients. Precision-cut lung slices (PCLS) were prepared from guinea pigs challenged with lipopolysaccharide or saline two times weekly for 12 wk. Peripheral PCLS were obtained from patients with mild to moderate COPD and non-COPD controls. AHR to methacholine was measured in large and small airways using video-assisted microscopy. Airway smooth muscle mass and alveolar airspace size were determined in the same slices. A mathematical model was used to identify potential changes in biomechanical properties underlying AHR. In guinea pigs, lipopolysaccharide increased the sensitivity of large (> 150 mu m) airways toward methacholine by 4.4-fold and the maximal constriction of small airways (> 150 mu m) by 1.5-fold. Similarly increased small airway responsiveness was found in COPD patients. In both lipopolysaccharide-challenged guinea pigs and patients, airway smooth muscle mass was unaltered, whereas increased alveolar airspace correlated with small airway hyperresponsiveness in guinea pigs. Fitting the parameters of the model indicated that COPD weakens matrix mechanical properties and enhances stiffness differences between the airway and the parenchyma, in both species. In conclusion, this study demonstrates small airway hyperresponsiveness in PCLS from COPD patients. These changes may be related to reduced parenchymal retraction forces and biomechanical changes in the airway wall. PCLS from lipopolysaccharide-exposed guinea pigs may be useful to study mechanisms of small airway hyperresponsiveness in COPD.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology|
|Early online date||10-Jan-2019|
|Publication status||Published - Mar-2019|
- airway constriction, airway remodeling, biomechanical modeling, emphysema, human lung, EXTRACELLULAR-MATRIX MECHANICS, LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDE EXPOSURE, SMOKE, INFLAMMATION, EXPRESSION, ASTHMA, MODEL