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Sleep deprivation impairs memory by attenuating mTORC1-dependent protein synthesis

Tudor, J. C., Davis, E. J., Peixoto, L., Wimmer, M. E., van Tilborg, E., Park, A. J., Poplawski, S. G., Chung, C. W., Havekes, R., Huang, J., Gatti, E., Pierre, P. & Abel, T., 26-Apr-2016, In : Science signaling. 9, 425, 8 p., 41.

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DOI

  • Jennifer C. Tudor
  • Emily J. Davis
  • Lucia Peixoto
  • Mathieu E. Wimmer
  • Erik van Tilborg
  • Alan J. Park
  • Shane G. Poplawski
  • Caroline W. Chung
  • Robbert Havekes
  • Jiayan Huang
  • Evelina Gatti
  • Philippe Pierre
  • Ted Abel

Sleep deprivation is a public health epidemic that causes wide-ranging deleterious consequences, including impaired memory and cognition. Protein synthesis in hippocampal neurons promotes memory and cognition. The kinase complex mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) stimulates protein synthesis by phosphorylating and inhibiting the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E-binding protein 2 (4EBP2). We investigated the involvement of the mTORC1-4EBP2 axis in the molecular mechanisms mediating the cognitive deficits caused by sleep deprivation in mice. Using an in vivo protein translation assay, we found that loss of sleep impaired protein synthesis in the hippocampus. Five hours of sleep loss attenuated both mTORC1-mediated phosphorylation of 4EBP2 and the interaction between eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) and eIF4G in the hippocampi of sleep-deprived mice. Increasing the abundance of 4EBP2 in hippocampal excitatory neurons before sleep deprivation increased the abundance of phosphorylated 4EBP2, restored the amount of eIF4E-eIF4G interaction and hippocampal protein synthesis to that seen in mice that were not sleep-deprived, and prevented the hippocampus-dependent memory deficits associated with sleep loss. These findings collectively demonstrate that 4EBP2-regulated protein synthesis is a critical mediator of the memory deficits caused by sleep deprivation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number41
Number of pages8
JournalScience signaling
Volume9
Issue number425
Publication statusPublished - 26-Apr-2016
Externally publishedYes

ID: 32477813