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Significance of yeast peroxisomes in the metabolism of choline and ethanolamine

Zwart, K. B., Veenhuis, M. & Harder, W., 1983, In : FEMS Microbiology Letters. 19, 2, 17 p.

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  • Kor B. Zwart
  • Marten Veenhuis
  • Wim Harder
The yeasts Candida utilis and Hansenula polymorpha were able to grow in media containing choline or ethanolamine as the sole nitrogen source. During growth in the presence of these substrates, large peroxisomes developed in the cells, and extracts of choline-grown C. utilis cells contained increased levels of amine oxidase and catalase. Incubation of whole cells with choline in the presence of the amine oxidase inhibitor aminoacetonitrile led to excretion of dimethylamine and methylamine. Cytochemical experiments in which spheroplasts prepared from choline-grown cells were incubated with CeCl3 and choline, trimethylamine, dimethylamine or methylamine revealed positively stained peroxisomes, whereas in the presence of 1 mM aminoacetonitrile staining was not observed. This indicated that choline was degraded via methylated amines and that peroxisomes played a role in its metabolism. A similar involvement of peroxisomes in choline degradation was observed in H. polymorpha. Cell-free extracts of ethanolamine-grown C. utilis and H. polymorpha also contained increased levels of amine oxidase and catalase. Ethanolamine was oxidized by cell-free extracts of both organisms after growth in the presence of ethanolamine or choline. Incubation of spheroplasts of ethanolamine- or choline-grown C. utilis with CeCl3 and ethanolamine resulted in positively stained peroxisomes. In this organism peroxisomes were therefore also involved in ethanolamine degradation.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages17
JournalFEMS Microbiology Letters
Volume19
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1983

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