Serum paraoxonase-1 activity is associated with light to moderate alcohol consumption: the PREVEND cohort study

Gruppen, E. G., Bakker, S. J. L., James, R. W. & Dullaart, R. P. F., Dec-2018, In : American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 108, 6, p. 1283-1290 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Copy link to clipboard


  • Serum paraoxonase-1 activity is associated with light to moderate alcohol consumption

    Final publisher's version, 171 KB, PDF-document


Background: Paraoxonase-1 (PON-1) is a high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-associated enzyme with antioxidative properties, which may protect against the development of cardiovascular disease. Alcohol consumption increases HDL cholesterol, but the extent to which alcohol consumption gives rise to higher serum PON-1 activity is uncertain.

Objective: In a population-based study, we determined the relation of serum PON-1 activity with alcohol consumption when taking account of HDL cholesterol and apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I), its major apolipoprotein.

Design: A cross-sectional study was performed in 8224 participants of the Prevention of Renal and Vascular End-Stage Disease (PREVEND) cohort. Alcohol consumption was categorized as 1) no/rarely (25.3%); 2) 0.1-10 g/d (49.3%); 3) 10-30 g/d (20.1%); and 4) >30 g/d (5.2%) with 1 drink equivalent to 10 g alcohol. Serum PON-1 activity was measured as its arylesterase activity (phenyl acetate as substrate).

Results: Median serum PON-1 activity was 50.8, 53.1, 54.4, and 55.7 U/L in the 4 categories of alcohol consumption, respectively (P <0.001). Its increase paralleled the increments in HDL cholesterol and apoA-I. Notably, there was no further increase in PON-1 activity, HDL cholesterol, and apoA-I when alcohol consumption was increased from 10-30 g/d to >30 g/d. Multivariable linear regression analysis demonstrated that PON-1 activity was related to alcohol consumption independently from clinical covariates, high sensitivity C-reactive protein, and lipid concentrations, including HDL cholesterol (P <0.001 for each category of alcohol consumption with no alcohol consumption as the reference category). Notably, as inferred from standardized beta-coefficients, there was no difference in PON-1 activity between 10-30 g alcohol/d and >30 g alcohol/d.

Conclusions: Alcohol consumption is associated with an increase in serum PON-1 activity, but its effect seems to reach a plateau with alcohol consumption of 10-30 g/d.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1283-1290
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec-2018



View graph of relations

ID: 76569923