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Serine Phosphorylation of L-Selectin Regulates ERM Binding, Clustering, and Monocyte Protrusion in Transendothelial Migration

Newe, A., Rzeniewicz, K., Konig, M., Schroer, C. F. E., Joachim, J., Rey-Gallardo, A., Marrink, S. J., Deka, J., Parsons, M. & Ivetic, A., 25-Sep-2019, In : Frontiers in Immunology. 10, 18 p., 2227.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

The migration of circulating leukocytes toward damaged tissue is absolutely fundamental to the inflammatory response, and transendothelial migration (TEM) describes the first cellular barrier that is breached in this process. Human CD14(+) inflammatory monocytes express L-selectin, bestowing a non-canonical role in invasion during TEM. In vivo evidence supports a role for L-selectin in regulating TEM and chemotaxis, but the intracellular mechanism is poorly understood. The ezrin-radixin-moesin (ERM) proteins anchor transmembrane proteins to the cortical actin-based cytoskeleton and additionally act as signaling adaptors. During TEM, the L-selectin tail within transmigrating pseudopods interacts first with ezrin to transduce signals for protrusion, followed by moesin to drive ectodomain shedding of L-selectin to limit protrusion. Collectively, interaction of L-selectin with ezrin and moesin fine-tunes monocyte protrusive behavior in TEM. Using FLIM/FRET approaches, we show that ERM binding is absolutely required for outside-in L-selectin clustering. The cytoplasmic tail of human L-selectin contains two serine (S) residues at positions 364 and 367, and here we show that they play divergent roles in regulating ERM binding. Phospho-S364 blocks direct interaction with ERM, whereas molecular modeling suggests phospho-S367 likely drives desorption of the L-selectin tail from the inner leaflet of the plasma membrane to potentiate ERM binding. Serine-to-alanine mutagenesis of S367, but not S364, significantly reduced monocyte protrusive behavior in TEM under flow conditions. Our data propose a model whereby L-selectin tail desorption from the inner leaflet of the plasma membrane and ERM binding are two separable steps that collectively regulate protrusive behavior in TEM.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2227
Number of pages18
JournalFrontiers in Immunology
Volume10
Publication statusPublished - 25-Sep-2019

    Keywords

  • forster resonance energy transfer (FRET), fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM), molecular dynamics, extravasation, diapedesis, MEMBRANE-PROXIMAL CLEAVAGE, MARTINI FORCE-FIELD, LEUKOCYTE MIGRATION, MOLECULAR-DYNAMICS, LIPID RAFTS, CYTOPLASMIC DOMAIN, CROSS-LINKING, FERM DOMAIN, IN-VIVO, ADHESION

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