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Sensitivity for cues predicting reward and punishment in young women with eating disorders

Matton, A., de Jong, P., Goossens, L., Jonker, N. C., Van Malderen, E., Vervaet, M., De Schryver, N. & Braet, C., Nov-2017, In : European eating disorders review. 25, 6, p. 501-511 11 p.

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  • Sensitivity for Cues Predicting Reward and Punishment in Young Women

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DOI

Increasing evidence shows that sensitivity to reward (SR) and punishment (SP) may be involved in eating disorders (EDs). Most studies used self-reported positive/negative effect in rewarding/punishing situations, whereas the implied proneness to detect signals of reward/punishment is largely ignored. This pilot study used a spatial orientation task to examine transdiagnostic and interdiagnostic differences in SR/SP. Participants (14–29 years) were patients with anorexia nervosa of restricting type (AN-R, n = 20), binge/purge ED group [AN of binge/purge ty pe and bulimia nervosa (n = 16)] and non-symptomatic individua ls (n = 23). Results revealed stronger difficulties to redirect attention away from signals of rewards in AN-R compared with binge/purge EDs, and inge/purge EDs showed stronger difficulties to direct attention away from signals of punishment compared with AN-R. Findings demonstrate inter diagnostic differences and show that the spatial orientation task is sensitive for individual differences in SP/SR within the context of EDs, thereby sustaining its usefulness as behavioural measure of reinforcement sensitivity. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and EatingDisorders Association
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)501-511
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean eating disorders review
Volume25
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov-2017

    Keywords

  • SELF-REPORT QUESTIONNAIRE, BODY-MASS INDEX, ANOREXIA-NERVOSA, ADOLESCENTS, TEMPERAMENT, ATTENTION, CHILDREN, FOOD, METAANALYSIS, PERSONALITY

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