Publication

Sensing the flow beneath the fins

Bora, M., Kottapalli, A. G. P., Miao, J. & Triantafyllou, M. S., Mar-2018, In : Bioinspiration & biomimetics. 13, 2, 18 p., 025002.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Flow sensing, maneuverability, energy efficiency and vigilance of surroundings are the key factors that dictate the performance of marine animals. Be it swimming at high speeds, attack or escape maneuvers, sensing and survival hydrodynamics are a constant feature of life in the ocean. Fishes are capable of performing energy efficient maneuvers, including capturing energy from vortical structures in water. These impressive capabilities are made possible by the uncanny ability of fish to sense minute pressure and flow variations on their body. This is achieved by arrays of biological neuromast sensors on their bodies that 'feel' the surroundings through 'touch at a distance' sensing. The main focus of this paper is to review the various biomimetic material approaches in developing superficial neuromast inspired ultrasensitive MEMS sensors. Principals and methods that translate biomechanical filtering properties of canal neuromasts to benefit artificial MEMS sensors have also been discussed. MEMS sensors with ultrahigh flow sensitivity and accuracy have been developed mainly through inspiration from the hair cell and cupula structures in the neuromast. Canal-inspired packages have proven beneficial in hydrodynamic flow filtering in artificial sensors enabling signal amplification and noise attenuation. A special emphasis has been placed on the recent innovations that closely mimic the structural and material designs of stereocilia of neuromasts by exploring soft polymers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number025002
Number of pages18
JournalBioinspiration & biomimetics
Volume13
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar-2018
Externally publishedYes

    Keywords

  • biomimetic, flow sensing, hydrogel cupula, MEMS, neuromast sensor, survival hydrodynamics, ARTIFICIAL LATERAL-LINE, VERTEBRATE HAIR-CELLS, ASTYANAX-FASCIATUS, RAINBOW-TROUT, FISH, SENSORS, SENSITIVITY, NEUROMASTS, SYSTEM, CUPULA

ID: 56717820