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Role of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate in Ras/Rac-induced disruption of the cortactin-actomyosin II complex and malignant transformation

He, H., Watanabe, T., Zhan, X., Huang, C., Schuuring, E., Fukami, K., Takenawa, T., Kumar, C. C., Simpson, R. J. & Maruta, H., Jul-1998, In : Molecular and Cellular Biology. 18, 7, p. 3829-3837 9 p.

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  • Role of phosphatidylinositol

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DOI

  • Hong He
  • Takeshi Watanabe
  • Xi Zhan
  • Cai Huang
  • Ed Schuuring
  • Kiyoko Fukami
  • Tadaomi Takenawa
  • C. Chandra Kumar
  • Richard J. Simpson
  • Hiroshi Maruta

Oncogenic Ras mutants such as v-Ha-Ras cause a rapid rearrangement of actin cytoskeleton during malignant transformation of fibroblasts or epithelial cells. Both PI-3 kinase and Rac are required for Ras-induced malignant transformation and membrane ruffling. However, the signal transduction pathway(s) downstream of Rac that leads to membrane ruffling and other cytoskeletal change(s) as well as the exact biochemical nature of the cytoskeletal change remain unknown. Cortactin/EMS1 is the first identified molecule that is dissociated in a Rac-phosphatidylinositol 4,5-biphosphate (PIP2)-dependent manner from the actin-myosin II complex during Ras-induced malignant transformation; either the PIP2 binder HS1 or the Rac blocker SCH51344 restores the ability of EMS1 to bind the complex and suppresses the oncogenicity of Ras. Furthermore, while PIP2 inhibits the actin-EMS1 interaction, HS1 reverses the PIP2 effect. Thus, we propose that PIP2, an end-product of the oncogenic Ras/PI-3 kinase/Rac pathway, serves as a second messenger in the Ras/Rac-induced disruption of the actin cytoskeleton and discuss the anticancer drug potential of PIP2-binding molecules.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3829-3837
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Volume18
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul-1998
Externally publishedYes

    Keywords

  • 3T3 Cells, Actins, Actomyosin, Amino Acid Sequence, Aminoquinolines, Animals, Binding Sites, Blood Proteins, Cell Transformation, Neoplastic, Cortactin, Cross-Linking Reagents, GTP-Binding Proteins, Humans, Mice, Microfilament Proteins, Molecular Sequence Data, Myosins, Neoplasm Proteins, Oncogene Protein p21(ras), Phenotype, Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-Diphosphate, Pyrazoles, Rats, rac GTP-Binding Proteins, src Homology Domains, MYOSIN HEAVY-CHAIN, HEMATOPOIETIC LINEAGE, RAS TRANSFORMATION, TYROSINE KINASE, ALPHA-ACTININ, PROTEIN, CELLS, SEQUENCE, BINDING, CDNA

ID: 26762775