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Role of Microbial Modulation in Management of Atopic Dermatitis in Children

Hulshof, L., van't Land, B., Sprikkelman, A. B. & Garssen, J., 9-Aug-2017, In : Nutrients. 9, 8, 14 p., 854.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

The pathophysiology of atopic dermatitis (AD) is multifactorial and is a complex interrelationship between skin barrier, genetic predisposition, immunologic development, skin microbiome, environmental, nutritional, pharmacological, and psychological factors. Several microbial modulations of the intestinal microbiome with pre-and/or probiotics have been used in AD management, with different clinical out-come (both positive, as well as null findings). This review provides an overview of the clinical evidence from trials in children from 2008 to 2017, aiming to evaluate the effect of dietary interventions with pre-and/or pro-biotics for the treatment of AD. By searching the PUBMED/MEDLINE, EMBADE, and COCHRANE databases 14 clinical studies were selected and included within this review. Data extraction was independently conducted by two authors. The primary outcome was an improvement in the clinical score of AD severity. Changes of serum immunological markers and/or gastrointestinal symptoms were explored if available. In these studies some dietary interventions with pre-and/or pro-biotics were beneficial compared to control diets in the management of AD in children, next to treatment with emollients, and/or local corticosteroids. However, heterogeneity between studies was high, making it clear that focused clinical randomized controlled trials are needed to understand the potential role and underlying mechanism of dietary interventions in children with AD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number854
Number of pages14
JournalNutrients
Volume9
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 9-Aug-2017

    Keywords

  • atopic dermatitis, children, mucosal immune development, RANDOMIZED-CONTROLLED-TRIAL, PLACEBO-CONTROLLED TRIAL, DOUBLE-BLIND, STAPHYLOCOCCUS-AUREUS, SKIN MICROBIOME, FILAGGRIN MUTATIONS, ALLERGY PREVENTION, SYNBIOTIC MIXTURE, CLINICAL-TRIAL, FOOD ALLERGY

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