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Role of glial-cell-derived neurotrophic factor in salivary gland stem cell response to irradiation

Peng, X., Varendi, K., Maimets, M., Andressoo, J-O. & Coppes, R. P., Sep-2017, In : Radiotherapy and Oncology. 124, 3, p. 448-454 7 p.

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  • Role of glial-cell-derived neurotrophic factor in salivary gland stem cell response to irradiation

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DOI

Background and purpose: Recently, stem cell therapy has been proposed to allow regeneration of radiation damaged salivary glands. It has been suggested that glial-cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) promotes survival of mice salivary gland stem cells (mSGSCs). The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of GDNF in the modulation of mSGSC response to irradiation and subsequent salivary gland regeneration.

Methods: Salivary gland sphere derived cells of Gdnf hypermorphic (Gdnf(wt/hyper)) and wild type mice (Gdnf(wt/wt)) were irradiated (IR) with gamma-rays at 0, 1, 2, 4 and 8 Gy. mSGSC survival and sternness were assessed by calculating surviving fraction measured as post-IR sphere forming potential and population doublings. Flow cytometry was used to determine the CD24(hi)/CD29(hi) stem cell (SC) population. QPCR and immunofluorescence was used to detect GDNF expression.

Results: The IR survival responses of mSGSCs were similar albeit resulted in larger spheres and an increased cell number in the Gdnf(wt/hyper) compared to Gdnf(wt/wt) group. Indeed, mSGSC of Gdnf(wt/hyper) mice showed high sphere forming efficiency upon replating. Interestingly, GDNF expression co-localized with receptor tyrosine kinase (RET) and was upregulated after IR in vitro and in vivo, but normalized in vivo after mSGSC transplantation.

Conclusion: GDNF does not protect mSGSCs against irradiation but seems to promote mSGSCs proliferation through the GDNF-RET signaling pathway. Post-transplantation stimulation of GDNF/RET pathway may enhance the regenerative potential of mSGSCs. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)448-454
Number of pages7
JournalRadiotherapy and Oncology
Volume124
Issue number3
Early online date4-Aug-2017
Publication statusPublished - Sep-2017
Event15th International Wolfsberg Meeting on Molecular Radiation Biology/Oncology - , Switzerland
Duration: 17-Jun-201719-Jun-2017

Event

15th International Wolfsberg Meeting on Molecular Radiation Biology/Oncology

17/06/201719/06/2017

Switzerland

Event: Conference

    Keywords

  • Salivary glands, GDNF, Stem cells, Spheres, Radiation-induced xerostomia, NECK-CANCER, RADIOTHERAPY, HEAD, SURVIVAL, DIFFERENTIATION, PREVENTION, AMIFOSTINE, VIVO

ID: 47459552