Role of free radicals in an adriamycin-resistant human small cell lung cancer cell line

Meijer, C., Mulder, N. H., Timmer-Bosscha, H., Zijlstra, J. G. & de Vries, E. G., 1-Sep-1987, In : Cancer Research. 47, 17, p. 4613-4617 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

In two Adriamycin (Adr) resistant sublines (GLC4-Adr1 and GLC4-Adr2) of a human small cell lung carcinoma cell line, GLC4, cross-resistance for radiation was found. GLC4-Adr1 has an acquired Adr resistance factor of 44 after culturing without Adr for 20 days and GLC4-Adr2, the same subline cultured without Adr for 3 months, has a decreased but stable resistance factor of 8. One of the assumed mechanisms of Adr is that the effect is mediated through the formation of free radicals. Therefore free radical scavenging might play a role in these Adr resistant cell lines. Adr, H2O2, and X-ray induced cytotoxicity were evaluated. Glutathione (GSH) levels and activities of associated enzymes were determined as well as Adr, H2O2, and X-ray induced DNA breaks and repair. GSH level was decreased in GLC4-Adr1, but restored to the normal level in GLC4-Adr2. Superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione-peroxidase, and glutathione S-transferase were not elevated in the resistant sublines. Adr induced a decreased amount of DNA breaks in GLC4-Adr1 compared to GLC4. For X-ray and H2O2 a comparable amount of DNA damage was found. GLC4-Adr1 was able to repair DNA breaks induced by Adr, X-ray, and H2O2 better than GLC4. In conclusion, no increased enzyme capacity for detoxification of free radicals could be detected in the cytosol of the resistant cells. The resistance against free radicals in the GLC4-Adr1 line may at least in part be a result of increased DNA repair.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4613-4617
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Research
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 1-Sep-1987


  • Carcinoma, Small Cell, Cell Line, Cell Survival, DNA Damage, Doxorubicin, Drug Resistance, Free Radicals, Glutathione, Glutathione Peroxidase, Humans, Lung Neoplasms

ID: 6201209