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Reward and punishment sensitivity and alcohol use: The moderating role of executive control

Jonker, N. C., Ostafin, B. D., Glashouwer, K. A., van Hemel-Ruiter, M. E. & de Jong, P. J., May-2014, In : Addictive Behaviors. 39, p. 945-948 4 p.

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  • Reward and punishment sensitivity and alcohol use

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DOI

Reward sensitivity and to a lesser extent punishment sensitivity have been found to explain individual differences in alcohol use. Furthermore, many studies showed that addictive behaviors are characterized by impaired self-regulatory processes, and that individual differences related to alcohol use are moderated by executive control. This is the first study that explores the potential moderating role of executive control in the relation between reward and punishment sensitivity and alcohol use. Participants were 76 university students, selected on earlier given information about their alcohol use. Half of the participants indicated to drink little alcohol and half indicated to drink substantial amounts of alcohol. As expected, correlational analyses showed a positive relationship between reward sensitivity and alcohol use and a negative relation between punishment sensitivity and alcohol use. Regression analysis confirmed that reward sensitivity was a significant independent predictor of alcohol use. Executive control moderated the relation between punishment sensitivity and alcohol use, but not the relation between reward sensitivity and alcohol use. Only in individuals with weak executive control punishment sensitivity and alcohol use were negatively related. The results suggest that for individuals with weak executive control, punishment sensitivity might be a protective factor working against substantial alcohol use.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)945-948
Number of pages4
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume39
Publication statusPublished - May-2014

    Keywords

  • Alcohol use, Reward sensitivity , Punishment sensitivity , Executive control, COLLEGE-STUDENTS, RASH IMPULSIVENESS, SUBSTANCE USE, DRINKING, ASSOCIATIONS, QUESTIONNAIRE, EXPECTANCIES, ADOLESCENTS, DRINKERS, SYSTEMS

ID: 13951112