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Revealing the pathways of catalyst deactivation by coke during the hydrodeoxygenation of raw bio-oil

Cordero-Lanzac, T., Palos, R., Hita, I., Arandes, J. M., Rodriguez-Mirasol, J., Cordero, T., Bilbao, J. & Castano, P., 30-Dec-2018, In : Applied catalysis b-Environmental. 239, p. 513-524 12 p.

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  • Revealing the pathways of catalyst deactivation by coke during the hydrodeoxygenation of raw bio-oil

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DOI

  • Tomas Cordero-Lanzac
  • Roberto Palos
  • Idoia Hita
  • Jose M. Arandes
  • Jose Rodriguez-Mirasol
  • Tomas Cordero
  • Javier Bilbao
  • Pedro Castano

Virtually all processes aiming for fuels and chemicals from biomass entail no less than one step for removing oxygen by hydrodeoxygenation (HDO). The bottleneck of HDO is the formation of deactivating carbonaceous species on the catalyst surface. In this work, we have studied the deactivation pathways of catalysts based on noble metal nanoparticles (Pt-Pd) supported on mildly acid supports during the HDO of raw bio-oil. At conditions of accelerated deactivation, monitoring the evolution with time on stream of hydrocarbon and oxygenated compounds in the reaction medium, the intermediates on the catalyst surface and the nature-location of deactivating species, two parallel deactivation routes have been revealed: the deposition of (i) thermal or pyrolytic lignin from alkylmethoxy phenols, on the catalyst mesopores and favored at low temperature, and; of (ii) aromatic coke from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, starting on the catalyst micropores through condensation reactions and promoted by acidic sites and high temperature. Nevertheless, catalyst deactivation can be controlled within limits at harsh temperature conditions (450 degrees C) due to the preferential HDO of alkyl(methoxy) phenols into aromatics and the formation-hydrocracking steady state of the aromatic precursors of coke.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)513-524
Number of pages12
JournalApplied catalysis b-Environmental
Volume239
Publication statusPublished - 30-Dec-2018

    Keywords

  • Hydrodeoxygenation (HDO), Bio-oil, Metal supported catalyst, Catalyst deactivation, Coke formation, Mechanisms, ORBITRAP MASS-SPECTROMETRY, DIFFERENT BIOMASS SOURCES, NOBLE-METAL CATALYSTS, FAST PYROLYSIS, ACTIVATED CARBON, BIFUNCTIONAL CATALYST, FCC UNIT, SUPPORT, GUAIACOL, ZEOLITE

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