Publication

Remodeling of the interstitial extracellular matrix in white matter multiple sclerosis lesions: Implications for remyelination (failure)

de Jong, J. M., Wang, P., Oomkens, M. & Baron, W., 21-Jan-2020, In : Journal of Neuroscience Research. 98, 7, p. 1370-1397 28 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

The extracellular matrix (ECM) provides protection, rigidity, and structure toward cells. It consists, among others, of a wide variety of glycoproteins and proteoglycans, which act together to produce a complex and dynamic environment, most relevant in transmembrane events. In the brain, the ECM occupies a notable proportion of its volume and maintains the homeostasis of central nervous system (CNS). In addition, remodeling of the ECM, that is transient changes in ECM proteins regulated by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), is an important process that modulates cell behavior upon injury, thereby facilitating recovery. Failure of ECM remodeling plays an important role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS), a neurodegenerative demyelinating disease of the CNS with an inflammatory response against protective myelin sheaths that surround axons. Remyelination of denuded axons improves the neuropathological conditions of MS, but this regeneration process fails over time, leading to chronic disease progression. In this review, we uncover abnormal ECM remodeling in MS lesions by discussing ECM remodeling in experimental demyelination models, that is when remyelination is successful, and compare alterations in ECM components to the ECM composition and MMP expression in the parenchyma of demyelinated MS lesions, that is when remyelination fails. Inter- and intralesional differences in ECM remodeling in the distinct white matter MS lesions are discussed in terms of consequences for oligodendrocyte behavior and remyelination (failure). Hence, the review will aid to understand how abnormal ECM remodeling contributes to remyelination failure in MS lesions and assists in developing therapeutic strategies to promote remyelination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1370-1397
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Research
Volume98
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 21-Jan-2020

    Keywords

  • extracellular matrix, matrix metalloproteinase, multiple sclerosis, oligodendrocyte, remyelination, CENTRAL-NERVOUS-SYSTEM, EXPERIMENTAL AUTOIMMUNE ENCEPHALOMYELITIS, CHONDROITIN SULFATE PROTEOGLYCANS, OLIGODENDROCYTE PRECURSOR CELLS, BLOOD-BRAIN-BARRIER, CUPRIZONE-INDUCED DEMYELINATION, TENASCIN-C, SPINAL-CORD, UP-REGULATION, METALLOPROTEINASE EXPRESSION

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