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Regulatory RNAs in Bacillus subtilis: a Gram-Positive Perspective on Bacterial RNA-Mediated Regulation of Gene Expression

Mars, R. A. T., Nicolas, P., Denham, E. L. & van Dijl, J. M., Dec-2016, In : Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews. 80, 4, p. 1029-1057 29 p.

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Bacteria can employ widely diverse RNA molecules to regulate their gene expression. Such molecules include trans-acting small regulatory RNAs, antisense RNAs, and a variety of transcriptional attenuation mechanisms in the 5= untranslated region. Thus far, most regulatory RNA research has focused on Gram-negative bacteria, such as Escherichia coli and Salmonella. Hence, there is uncertainty about whether the resulting insights can be extrapolated directly to other bacteria, such as the Gram-positive soil bacterium Bacillus subtilis. A recent study identified 1,583 putative regulatory RNAs in B. subtilis, whose expression was assessed across 104 conditions. Here, we review the current understanding of RNA-based regulation in B. subtilis, and we categorize the newly identified putative regulatory RNAs on the basis of their conservation in other bacilli and the stability of their predicted secondary structures. Our present evaluation of the publicly available data indicates that RNAmediated gene regulation in B. subtilis mostly involves elements at the 5= ends of mRNA molecules. These can include 5= secondary structure elements and metabolite-, tRNA-, or protein-binding sites. Importantly, sense-independent segments are identified as the most conserved and structured potential regulatory RNAs in B. subtilis. Altogether, the present survey provides many leads for the identification of new regulatory RNA functions in B. subtilis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1029-1057
Number of pages29
JournalMicrobiology and Molecular Biology Reviews
Volume80
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec-2016

    Keywords

  • TRANSCRIPTIONAL ATTENUATION MECHANISM, TOXIN-ANTITOXIN SYSTEM, IRON-SPARING RESPONSE, SMALL NONCODING RNAS, PAIRING SMALL RNAS, MESSENGER-RNA, SECONDARY STRUCTURES, ABC TRANSPORTER, ANTISENSE RNA, SOLUBLE-RNA

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