Publication

Reconstruction of an Input-Output Table for Germany in 1936: Conceptual and Empirical-Statistical Problems

Fremdling, R. & Staeglin, R., 2012, Groningen: GGDC, 15 p. (GGDC Working Papers; vol. GD-129).

Research output: Working paperAcademic

APA

Fremdling, R., & Staeglin, R. (2012). Reconstruction of an Input-Output Table for Germany in 1936: Conceptual and Empirical-Statistical Problems. (GGDC Working Papers; Vol. GD-129). GGDC.

Author

Fremdling, Rainer ; Staeglin, Reiner. / Reconstruction of an Input-Output Table for Germany in 1936 : Conceptual and Empirical-Statistical Problems. Groningen : GGDC, 2012. (GGDC Working Papers).

Harvard

Fremdling, R & Staeglin, R 2012 'Reconstruction of an Input-Output Table for Germany in 1936: Conceptual and Empirical-Statistical Problems' GGDC Working Papers, vol. GD-129, GGDC, Groningen.

Standard

Reconstruction of an Input-Output Table for Germany in 1936 : Conceptual and Empirical-Statistical Problems. / Fremdling, Rainer; Staeglin, Reiner.

Groningen : GGDC, 2012. (GGDC Working Papers; Vol. GD-129).

Research output: Working paperAcademic

Vancouver

Fremdling R, Staeglin R. Reconstruction of an Input-Output Table for Germany in 1936: Conceptual and Empirical-Statistical Problems. Groningen: GGDC. 2012. (GGDC Working Papers).


BibTeX

@techreport{c7dc7f1c9170444082c8b2dcdbfc19e6,
title = "Reconstruction of an Input-Output Table for Germany in 1936: Conceptual and Empirical-Statistical Problems",
abstract = "The objective of this contribution is to present the final results of a long-term research project which aimed at constructing an input-output table for Germany in 1936. Our research can be seen as follow-up of the activities of the German Imperial Statistical Office (Statistisches Reichsamt) which worked on a “matrix of economic interdependencies” (Volkswirtschaftliche erflechtungstabelle) for Germany as early as in the thirties of the last century. The symmetric table for 1936 is completely based on original statistical data and does not refer to separate supply and use tables. The input-output table for Germany in 1936 covers 40 branches. This paper depicts its aggregated version with 13 sectors, five final demand categories and five primary inputs. Government is placed as an intermediate sector into quadrant I. In quadrant II it appears with only one figure (government gross production minus fees for specific government services). Government is delimitated into three subsectors as can be seen from Table 1: public administration, military spending and social security. In addition, public investment for civilian purposes is assigned to the investment vector of quadrant II. Military expenditure, however, is treated as government consumption and not as investment. The input-output table offers a new benchmark for gross domestic product and thus income, expenditure and production of the German Empire in 1936. We found a comparably high level of GDP and a significantly higher mixed income/operating surplus which confirms rudimentary and qualitative evidence on exceptionally high incomes and hidden profits of armament industry. Due to our unique production approach of calculating GDP these hidden profits could be revealed.",
author = "Rainer Fremdling and Reiner Staeglin",
note = "Relation: https://www.rug.nl/ Rights: University of Groningen",
year = "2012",
language = "English",
volume = "GD-129",
series = "GGDC Working Papers",
publisher = "GGDC",
type = "WorkingPaper",
institution = "GGDC",

}

RIS

TY - UNPB

T1 - Reconstruction of an Input-Output Table for Germany in 1936

T2 - Conceptual and Empirical-Statistical Problems

AU - Fremdling, Rainer

AU - Staeglin, Reiner

N1 - Relation: https://www.rug.nl/ Rights: University of Groningen

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - The objective of this contribution is to present the final results of a long-term research project which aimed at constructing an input-output table for Germany in 1936. Our research can be seen as follow-up of the activities of the German Imperial Statistical Office (Statistisches Reichsamt) which worked on a “matrix of economic interdependencies” (Volkswirtschaftliche erflechtungstabelle) for Germany as early as in the thirties of the last century. The symmetric table for 1936 is completely based on original statistical data and does not refer to separate supply and use tables. The input-output table for Germany in 1936 covers 40 branches. This paper depicts its aggregated version with 13 sectors, five final demand categories and five primary inputs. Government is placed as an intermediate sector into quadrant I. In quadrant II it appears with only one figure (government gross production minus fees for specific government services). Government is delimitated into three subsectors as can be seen from Table 1: public administration, military spending and social security. In addition, public investment for civilian purposes is assigned to the investment vector of quadrant II. Military expenditure, however, is treated as government consumption and not as investment. The input-output table offers a new benchmark for gross domestic product and thus income, expenditure and production of the German Empire in 1936. We found a comparably high level of GDP and a significantly higher mixed income/operating surplus which confirms rudimentary and qualitative evidence on exceptionally high incomes and hidden profits of armament industry. Due to our unique production approach of calculating GDP these hidden profits could be revealed.

AB - The objective of this contribution is to present the final results of a long-term research project which aimed at constructing an input-output table for Germany in 1936. Our research can be seen as follow-up of the activities of the German Imperial Statistical Office (Statistisches Reichsamt) which worked on a “matrix of economic interdependencies” (Volkswirtschaftliche erflechtungstabelle) for Germany as early as in the thirties of the last century. The symmetric table for 1936 is completely based on original statistical data and does not refer to separate supply and use tables. The input-output table for Germany in 1936 covers 40 branches. This paper depicts its aggregated version with 13 sectors, five final demand categories and five primary inputs. Government is placed as an intermediate sector into quadrant I. In quadrant II it appears with only one figure (government gross production minus fees for specific government services). Government is delimitated into three subsectors as can be seen from Table 1: public administration, military spending and social security. In addition, public investment for civilian purposes is assigned to the investment vector of quadrant II. Military expenditure, however, is treated as government consumption and not as investment. The input-output table offers a new benchmark for gross domestic product and thus income, expenditure and production of the German Empire in 1936. We found a comparably high level of GDP and a significantly higher mixed income/operating surplus which confirms rudimentary and qualitative evidence on exceptionally high incomes and hidden profits of armament industry. Due to our unique production approach of calculating GDP these hidden profits could be revealed.

M3 - Working paper

VL - GD-129

T3 - GGDC Working Papers

BT - Reconstruction of an Input-Output Table for Germany in 1936

PB - GGDC

CY - Groningen

ER -

ID: 15518161