Publication

Raman characterization of 0.4 nm single-walled carbon nanotubes formed in the channels of ALPO(4)-5 zeolite single crystals

Ye, J. T., Zhai, J. P. & Tang, Z. K., 7-Nov-2007, In : Journal of Physics-Condensed Matter. 19, 44, 18 p., 445003.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

In this paper, we review our recent research on ultra-small single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). Using Raman scattering as a tool, we systematically studied the pyrolysis process of carbon precursors in the channels of AlPO4-5 zeolite single crystals, and studied the formation process of the ultra-small SWNTs in the channels. The thermal expansion behaviour and thermal stability of these ultra-small SWNTs, either confined in the AlPO4-5 channels or in a freestanding environment, were also studied as a function of temperature. The in situ Raman-scattering measurement under 1 x 10(-5) mbar showed that the (3, 3) and (4, 2) tubes were totally destroyed at a temperature of about 700 K, while the (5, 0) tube can survive to 790 K. The electronic states of the 0.4 nm SWNTs were modulated by means of lithium doping. The continuous electron charge transfer from lithium atoms to the tubes was traced using Raman scattering. With increasing doping level, the radial breathing modes of these tubes shifted to higher frequency because the vibration perpendicular to the tube axis was depressed, in contrast to the conventional softening and downshift of the tangential G-mode vibrations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number445003
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Physics-Condensed Matter
Volume19
Issue number44
Publication statusPublished - 7-Nov-2007

    Keywords

  • TEMPERATURE-DEPENDENCE, MATERIALS SCIENCE, SPECTROSCOPY, ENERGETICS, SCATTERING, DIAMETER, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY, CONDUCTIVITY, SPECTRA, BUNDLES

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