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Question 2: What are the effects of inhaled corticosteroids on growth in children?

Camargos, P., Zhang, L., Lasmar, L. & Brand, P., Sep-2018, In : Paediatric respiratory reviews. 28, p. 33-40 8 p.

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  • Question 2: What are the effects of inhaled corticosteroids on growth in children?

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This review summarizes the current evidence regarding the effects of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) on growth in children with asthma. The evidence from randomized trials showed a mean reduction of -0.48 cm/year (95% CI -0.65 to -0.30) in linear growth velocity and of -0.61 cm (95% CI -0.83 to -0.38) in height during a one-year treatment with ICS. Some first-generation drugs had a slightly larger suppressive effect on growth than newer drugs, with a mean reduction in linear growth velocity of -0.91, -0.59, -0.08 and -0.39 cm/year for beclomethasone, budesonide, ciclesonide and fluticasone, respectively. There was evidence of a dose-response relationship, with medium doses (HFA-beclomethasone or equivalent, 100-200 mu g/day) producing a greater reduction than low doses (50-100 mu g/day), in height, but not in linear growth velocity. ICS-induced growth suppression was less pronounced during subsequent years of treatment.

Most "real life" observational studies did not show significant suppressive effects of ICS on long-term growth or adult height, and some studies found an initial growth reduction related to ICS which did not persist in subsequent years. It remains unclear to what extent long-term ICS use in childhood has an effect on final adult height. It appears that the deleterious effects of ICS on adult height, if any, are small (max 1.2 cm).

In conclusion, use of ICS in prepubertal children with asthma is associated with a small but dose dependent depression in growth in the first year of treatment, but no clinically relevant effect on adult height. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-40
Number of pages8
JournalPaediatric respiratory reviews
Volume28
Publication statusPublished - Sep-2018

    Keywords

  • Inhaled corticosteroids, Growth, Growth velocity, MILD PERSISTENT ASTHMA, LONG-TERM TREATMENT, FLUTICASONE PROPIONATE, DOUBLE-BLIND, BECLOMETHASONE DIPROPIONATE, PREPUBERTAL CHILDREN, CHILDHOOD ASTHMA, ADRENAL-FUNCTION, BUDESONIDE, SAFETY

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