Quantification of Ventricular Volume Load in the Context of a Bidirectional Cavopulmonary Shunt: A Theoretical Treatise

Ebels, T., van Slooten, Y. J., Elzenga, N. J., Waterbolk, T. W. & Berger, R. M. F., Jun-2012, In : Annals of thoracic surgery. 93, 6, p. 2022-2027 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Background. Functional univentricular hearts are currently palliated by a staged procedure of which the bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt is usually the second stage. In addition to this stage, a calibrated amount of additional pulmonary blood flow may be preserved to promote pulmonary artery growth and increase the length of the interval preceding the total cavopulmonary connection. However, additional pulmonary blood flow can be deleterious for ventricular functioning and development as it increases functional ventricular volume load.

Methods. Using the Fick principle we devised a theoretic framework to estimate the ventricular volume loading caused by additional pulmonary and collateral aortopulmonary flow. To use this framework, blood samples need to be taken intraoperatively from the aorta, pulmonary veins, and inferior caval vein to determine oxygen saturations. The oxygen saturation samples have to be taken sequentially with and without additional pulmonary blood flow.

Results. The objective of this paper is to provide a theoretic framework to estimate the ventricular volume loading caused by collateral aortopulmonary flow and additional pulmonary blood flow in the context of a bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt in the staged palliation of univentricular hemodynamics. The formulas have not yet systematically been applied in vivo.

Conclusions. The added volume loading of the ventricle caused by additional pulmonary blood flow can theoretically be estimated using the newly devised formulas so as to calibrate ventricular volume loading to a desired level intraoperatively. (Ann Thorac Surg 2012;93:2022-7) (C) 2012 by The Society of Thoracic Surgeons

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2022-2027
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of thoracic surgery
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun-2012



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