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Broadband dye-sensitized upconversion of near-infrared light

Zou, W., Visser, C., Maduro, J. A., Pshenichnikov, M. S. & Hummelen, J. C., Aug-2012, In : Nature Photonics. 6, 8, p. 560-564 5 p.

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Photon upconversion of near-infrared photons is a promising way to overcome the Shockley-Queisser efficiency limit of 32% of a single-junction solar cell. However, the practical applicability of the most efficient known upconversion materials at moderate light intensities is limited by their extremely weak and narrowband near-infrared absorption. Here, we introduce the concept of an upconversion material where an organic near-infrared dye is used as an antenna for the beta-NaYF4Yb,Er nanoparticles in which the upconversion occurs. The overall upconversion by the dye-sensitized nanoparticles is dramatically enhanced (by a factor of similar to 3,300) as a result of increased absorptivity and overall broadening of the absorption spectrum of the upconverter. The proposed concept can be extended to cover any part of the solar spectrum by using a set of dye molecules with overlapping absorption spectra acting as an extremely broadband antenna system, connected to suitable upconverters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)560-564
Number of pages5
JournalNature Photonics
Volume6
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2012

    Keywords

  • SOLAR-CELLS, NANOPARTICLES, NANOCRYSTALS, EFFICIENCY, FLUORESCENCE, SUNLIGHT

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