Metastable D-state spectroscopy and laser cooling of bariumDammalapati, U., 2006, s.n.. 164 p.
Research output: Thesis › Thesis fully internal (DIV) › Academic
This thesis is written as a part of the TRImP programme. Rare and short-lived radioactive isotopes offer new possibilities for investigating fundamental interactions and symmetries. Radium, a radioactive alkaline earth element has been identified as a new candidate for searches for a permanent electric dipole moment in neutral atoms. The TRImP facility at KVI, Groningen, The Netherlands is being setup to produce and utilize these radioactive isotopes to study fundamental interactions and symmetries. We use atom traps for these studies. We presented the various stages for the production, separation and slowing of the short-lived radioactive isotopes of our interest at the TRImP facility. We need to expand laser cooling and trapping methods to heavy alkaline earth elements barium and radium. Stable barium is well suited as a precursor for radioactive radium, because of its similar level scheme and chemical properties. Because of the radioactivity of radium we have chosen to prepare the cooling and trapping with the homologue barium. Stable isotopes of barium were used in the present study. For spectroscopy, metastable singlet and triplet D-states were populated by optical methods rather than using the conventional method of atomic discharges. The singlet D-state is populated by driving the 1S0-1P1 transition. To populate the triplet D-states efficiently the branching ratio of the 3P1 level was exploited by optical pumping with the intercombination line using the diode lasers at 791.3 nm. Long term frequency stability of these lasers were achieved by referencing the frequency to a nearby transition in molecular iodine. We performed first direct optical spectroscopy of the 1D2-1P1(1500.4 nm), 3D1-1P1(1107.8 nm) and 3D2-1p1 (1130.6 nm) transitions respectively. The hyperfine structure of the 3D1 and 3D2 levels for the Ba-135,137 isotopes were optically resolved. In addition, isotope shifts of the 3D1-1P1 transition were measured. We report the experimental observation of coherent Raman resonances in barium. The relevant Rabi frequencies were extracted for the lambda system and estimated the transition rates, relevant for the laser cooling experiment. We have achieved the first slowing of a barium atomic beam. These results can be applied for atoms, in which a closed cooling cycle can only be found with several laser fields at different wavelengths.
- Proefschriften (vorm), Atoombundels, Radium, Laser spectrometrie, Barium ,atoomspectra, interacties met fotonen
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