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Psychometric Properties of the German Version of the Pain Vigilance and Awareness Questionnaire (PVAQ) in Pain-Free Samples and Samples with Acute and Chronic Pain

Kunz, M., Capito, E. S., Horn-Hofmann, C., Baum, C., Scheel, J., Karmann, A. J., Priebe, J. A. & Lautenbacher, S., Apr-2017, In : International Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 24, 2, p. 260-271 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • M. Kunz
  • E. S. Capito
  • C. Horn-Hofmann
  • C. Baum
  • J. Scheel
  • A. J. Karmann
  • J. A. Priebe
  • S. Lautenbacher

The way individuals attend to pain is known to have a considerable impact on the experience and chronification of pain. One method to assess the habitual "attention to pain" is the Pain Vigilance and Awareness Questionnaire (PVAQ). With the present study, we aimed to test the psychometric properties of the German version of the PVAQ across pain-free samples and across patients with acute and chronic pain.

Two samples of pain-free individuals (student sample (N = 255)/non-student sample (N = 362)) and two clinical pain samples (acute pain patients (N = 105)/chronic pain patients (N = 36)) were included in this cross-sectional evaluation of the German PVAQ. Factor structure was assessed using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. Reliability was assessed using internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha). Construct validity was tested by assessing correlations between PVAQ and theoretically related constructs.

Exploratory factor analysis (non-student sample) and confirmatory factor analysis (student sample, acute pain patient sample) suggested that a two-factor solution best fitted our data ("attention to pain," "attention to changes in pain"). Internal consistency ranged from acceptable to good in all four samples. As hypothesized, the PVAQ correlated significantly with theoretically related constructs in all four samples, suggesting good construct validity in pain-free individuals and in pain patients.

The German PVAQ shows good psychometric properties across samples of pain-free individuals and patients suffering from pain that are comparable to PVAQ versions of other languages. Thus, the German PVAQ seems to be a measure of pain vigilance equally valid as found in other countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)260-271
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Volume24
Issue number2
Early online date1-Aug-2016
Publication statusPublished - Apr-2017

    Keywords

  • Pain Vigilance and Awareness Questionnaire, Attention to pain, Hypervigilance, psychometric quality, CROSS-CULTURAL ADAPTATION, CATASTROPHIZING SCALE, EMOTIONAL MECHANISMS, HEAT PAIN, RELIABILITY, VALIDITY, SENSITIVITY, ATTENTION, FEAR, HYPERVIGILANCE

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