Publication

Protein metabolism in adult patients with phenylketonuria

van Rijn, M., Hoeksma, M., Sauer, P., Szczerbak, B., Gross, M., Reijngoud, D-J. & van Pronsen, F., Jun-2007, In : Nutrition. 23, 6, p. 445-453 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • Margreet van Rijn
  • Marieke Hoeksma
  • Pieter Sauer
  • Beate Szczerbak
  • Martina Gross
  • Dirk-Jan Reijngoud
  • Francjan van Pronsen

Objective: Protein intake recommendations in phenylketonuria (PKU) are frequently the subject of discussion. For healthy adults, the recommended daily allowance (RDA) is 0.8 g . kg(-1) . d(-1), which is generally lower than that observed in the general Western population. We investigated whether whole-body protein metabolism in patients with PKU is comparable to that of healthy controls at a RDA rate of protein intake.

Methods: Six adult patients with well-controlled PKU and six healthy subjects of comparable age, height, and weight were studied using a primed continuous infusion of [1-C-13] -valine for 8 h after an overnight fast before and during frequent meals. Normal protein was given to controls, whereas patients with PKU received a combination of an amino acid mixture and natural protein.

Results: No significant differences were observed between patients with PKU and controls in preprandial and prandial rates of valine appearance and oxidation and protein breakdown, protein synthesis, and net protein balance. Feeding resulted in a significant (P <0.01) decrease in protein breakdown (PKU: 94 +/- 15 mu mol . kg(-1) . h(-1) preprandial to 49 +/- 10 mu mol . kg(-1) . h(-1) prandial; controls: 97 +/- 10 mu mol . kg(-1) . h(-1) preprandial to 55 +/- 10 mu mol . kg(-1) . h(-1) prandial), whereas no effects were observed in protein synthesis (PKU: 77 +/- 10 mu mol . kg(-1) . h(-1) preprandial to 73 +/- 7 mu mol . kg(-1) . h(-1) prandial; controls: 76 +/- 8 mu mol . kg(-1) . h(-1) preprandial to 71 +/- 5 mu mol . kg(-1) . h(-1) prandial). Net protein balance increased from negative prandial to positive preprandial values (PKU: -17 +/- 6 mu mol . kg(-1) . h(-1), preprandial to +23 +/- 8 mu mol kg(-1) . h(-1) prandial; controls: -21 +/- 4 mu mol . kg(-1) . h(-1) preprandial to + 16 +/- 9 mu mol . kg(-1) . h(-1) prandial).

Conclusion: Whole-body protein metabolism in adult patients with PKU is fully comparable to that in healthy controls at the RDA level of protein intake. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445-453
Number of pages9
JournalNutrition
Volume23
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun-2007

    Keywords

  • phenylketonuria, protein requirement, amino acid oxidation, whole-body protein turnover, stable isotopes, [1-C-13]-valine, L-[1-C-13] keto isovaleric acid, PLASMA AMINO-ACID, MASS-SPECTROMETRY, TREATED PHENYLKETONURIA, HEMODIALYSIS-PATIENTS, BODY-COMPOSITION, WHOLE PROTEIN, RECOMMENDATIONS, PHENYLALANINE, SUBSTITUTE, INGESTION

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