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Protection against the Metabolic Syndrome by Guar Gum-Derived Short-Chain Fatty Acids Depends on Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor. and Glucagon-Like Peptide-1

den Besten, G., Gerding, A., van Dijk, T. H., Ciapaite, J., Bleeker, A., van Eunen, K., Havinga, R., Groen, A. K., Reijngoud, D-J. & Bakker, B. M., 20-Aug-2015, In : PLoS ONE. 10, 8, 14 p., e0136364.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

The dietary fiber guar gum has beneficial effects on obesity, hyperglycemia and hypercholesterolemia in both humans and rodents. The major products of colonic fermentation of dietary fiber, the short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), have been suggested to play an important role. Recently, we showed that SCFAs protect against the metabolic syndrome via a signaling cascade that involves peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR). repression and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation. In this study we investigated the molecular mechanism via which the dietary fiber guar gum protects against the metabolic syndrome. C57Bl/6J mice were fed a high-fat diet supplemented with 0% or 10% of the fiber guar gum for 12 weeks and effects on lipid and glucose metabolism were studied. We demonstrate that, like SCFAs, also guar gum protects against high-fat diet-induced metabolic abnormalities by PPAR. repression, subsequently increasing mitochondrial uncoupling protein 2 expression and AMP/ATP ratio, leading to the activation of AMPK and culminating in enhanced oxidative metabolism in both liver and adipose tissue. Moreover, guar gum markedly increased peripheral glucose clearance, possibly mediated by the SCFA-induced colonic hormone glucagon-like peptide-1. Overall, this study provides novel molecular insights into the beneficial effects of guar gum on the metabolic syndrome and strengthens the potential role of guar gum as a dietary-fiber intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0136364
Number of pages14
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume10
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 20-Aug-2015

    Keywords

  • IMPROVES INSULIN SENSITIVITY, GLUCOSE DISPOSAL, DIETARY FIBER, MICROBIOTA, MICE, OBESITY, AMP, STIMULATION, NUTRITION, OXIDATION

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