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Proteasome-dependent protein quality control of the peroxisomal membrane protein Pxa1p

Devarajan, S., Meurer, M., van Roermund, C. W. T., Chen, X., Hettema, E. H., Kemp, S., Knop, M. & Williams, C., 1-Sep-2020, In : Biochimica et Biophysica Acta-Biomembranes. 1862, 9, 17 p., 183342.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • S. Devarajan
  • M. Meurer
  • C. W. T. van Roermund
  • X. Chen
  • E. H. Hettema
  • S. Kemp
  • M. Knop
  • C. Williams

Peroxisomes are eukaryotic organelles that function in numerous metabolic pathways and defects in peroxisome function can cause serious developmental brain disorders such as adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD). Peroxisomal membrane proteins (PMPs) play a crucial role in regulating peroxisome function. Therefore, PMP homeostasis is vital for peroxisome function. Recently, we established that certain PMPs are degraded by the Ubiquitin Proteasome System yet little is known about how faulty/non-functional PMPs undergo quality control. Here we have investigated the degradation of Pxa1p, a fatty acid transporter in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Pxa1p is a homologue of the human protein ALDP and mutations in ALDP result in the severe disorder ALD. By introducing two corresponding ALDP mutations into Pxa1p (Pxa1(MUT)), fused to mGFP, we show that Pxa1(MUT)-mGFP is rapidly degraded from peroxisomes in a proteasome-dependent manner, while wild type Pxa1-mGFP remains relatively stable. Furthermore, we identify a role for the ubiquitin ligase Ufd4p in Pxa1(MUT)-mGFP degradation. Finally, we establish that inhibiting Pxa1(MUT)-mGFP degradation results in a partial rescue of Pxa1p activity in cells. Together, our data demonstrate that faulty PMPs can undergo proteasome-dependent quality control. Furthermore, our observations may provide new insights into the role of ALDP degradation in ALD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number183342
Number of pages17
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta-Biomembranes
Volume1862
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1-Sep-2020

    Keywords

  • Protein degradation, Proteasome, ALD, Peroxisome, ufd4, ATP-BINDING, FLUORESCENT PROTEIN, ADRENOLEUKODYSTROPHY PROTEIN, UBIQUITIN LIGASES, ABC TRANSPORTERS, CYSTIC-FIBROSIS, DEGRADATION, IMPORT, CFTR, ENZYMES

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