Publication

Prolonged grief and post-traumatic stress among relatives of missing persons and homicidally bereaved individuals: A comparative study

Lenferink, L. I. M., van Denderen, M. Y., de Keijser, J., Wessel, I. & Boelen, P. A., Feb-2017, In : Journal of Affective Disorders. 209, p. 1-2 2 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorialAcademicpeer-review

APA

Lenferink, L. I. M., van Denderen, M. Y., de Keijser, J., Wessel, I., & Boelen, P. A. (2017). Prolonged grief and post-traumatic stress among relatives of missing persons and homicidally bereaved individuals: A comparative study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 209, 1-2. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2016.11.012

Author

Lenferink, Lonneke I M ; van Denderen, Mariëtte Y ; de Keijser, Jos ; Wessel, Ineke ; Boelen, Paul A. / Prolonged grief and post-traumatic stress among relatives of missing persons and homicidally bereaved individuals : A comparative study. In: Journal of Affective Disorders. 2017 ; Vol. 209. pp. 1-2.

Harvard

Lenferink, LIM, van Denderen, MY, de Keijser, J, Wessel, I & Boelen, PA 2017, 'Prolonged grief and post-traumatic stress among relatives of missing persons and homicidally bereaved individuals: A comparative study', Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 209, pp. 1-2. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2016.11.012

Standard

Prolonged grief and post-traumatic stress among relatives of missing persons and homicidally bereaved individuals : A comparative study. / Lenferink, Lonneke I M; van Denderen, Mariëtte Y; de Keijser, Jos; Wessel, Ineke; Boelen, Paul A.

In: Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 209, 02.2017, p. 1-2.

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorialAcademicpeer-review

Vancouver

Lenferink LIM, van Denderen MY, de Keijser J, Wessel I, Boelen PA. Prolonged grief and post-traumatic stress among relatives of missing persons and homicidally bereaved individuals: A comparative study. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2017 Feb;209:1-2. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2016.11.012


BibTeX

@article{0a212317db534737b09408f4348e2224,
title = "Prolonged grief and post-traumatic stress among relatives of missing persons and homicidally bereaved individuals: A comparative study",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Traumatic loss (e.g., homicide) is associated with elevated prolonged grief disorder (PGD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Several studies comparing relatives of missing persons with homicidally bereaved individuals showed inconsistent results about the difference in PGD- and PTSD-levels between the groups. These studies were conducted in the context of armed conflict, which may confound the results. The current study aims to compare PGD- and PTSD-levels between the groups outside the context of armed conflict.METHODS: Relatives of long-term missing persons (n=134) and homicidally bereaved individuals (n=331) completed self-report measures of PGD and PTSD. Multilevel regression modelling was used to compare symptom scores between the groups.RESULTS: Homicidally bereaved individuals reported significantly higher levels of PGD (d=0.86) and PTSD (d=0.28) than relatives of missing persons, when taking relevant covariates (i.e., gender, time since loss, and kinship to the disappeared/deceased person) into account.LIMITATIONS: A limitation of this study is the use of self-report measures instead of clinical interviews.CONCLUSION: Prior studies among relatives of missing persons and homicidally bereaved individuals in the context of armed conflict may not be generalizable to similar samples outside these contexts. Future research is needed to further explore differences in bereavement-related psychopathology between different groups and correlates and treatment of this psychopathology.",
keywords = "DISORDER, VALIDITY, RELIABILITY",
author = "Lenferink, {Lonneke I M} and {van Denderen}, {Mari{\"e}tte Y} and {de Keijser}, Jos and Ineke Wessel and Boelen, {Paul A}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2016. Published by Elsevier B.V.",
year = "2017",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1016/j.jad.2016.11.012",
language = "English",
volume = "209",
pages = "1--2",
journal = "Journal of Affective Disorders",
issn = "0165-0327",
publisher = "ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prolonged grief and post-traumatic stress among relatives of missing persons and homicidally bereaved individuals

T2 - A comparative study

AU - Lenferink, Lonneke I M

AU - van Denderen, Mariëtte Y

AU - de Keijser, Jos

AU - Wessel, Ineke

AU - Boelen, Paul A

N1 - Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier B.V.

PY - 2017/2

Y1 - 2017/2

N2 - BACKGROUND: Traumatic loss (e.g., homicide) is associated with elevated prolonged grief disorder (PGD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Several studies comparing relatives of missing persons with homicidally bereaved individuals showed inconsistent results about the difference in PGD- and PTSD-levels between the groups. These studies were conducted in the context of armed conflict, which may confound the results. The current study aims to compare PGD- and PTSD-levels between the groups outside the context of armed conflict.METHODS: Relatives of long-term missing persons (n=134) and homicidally bereaved individuals (n=331) completed self-report measures of PGD and PTSD. Multilevel regression modelling was used to compare symptom scores between the groups.RESULTS: Homicidally bereaved individuals reported significantly higher levels of PGD (d=0.86) and PTSD (d=0.28) than relatives of missing persons, when taking relevant covariates (i.e., gender, time since loss, and kinship to the disappeared/deceased person) into account.LIMITATIONS: A limitation of this study is the use of self-report measures instead of clinical interviews.CONCLUSION: Prior studies among relatives of missing persons and homicidally bereaved individuals in the context of armed conflict may not be generalizable to similar samples outside these contexts. Future research is needed to further explore differences in bereavement-related psychopathology between different groups and correlates and treatment of this psychopathology.

AB - BACKGROUND: Traumatic loss (e.g., homicide) is associated with elevated prolonged grief disorder (PGD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Several studies comparing relatives of missing persons with homicidally bereaved individuals showed inconsistent results about the difference in PGD- and PTSD-levels between the groups. These studies were conducted in the context of armed conflict, which may confound the results. The current study aims to compare PGD- and PTSD-levels between the groups outside the context of armed conflict.METHODS: Relatives of long-term missing persons (n=134) and homicidally bereaved individuals (n=331) completed self-report measures of PGD and PTSD. Multilevel regression modelling was used to compare symptom scores between the groups.RESULTS: Homicidally bereaved individuals reported significantly higher levels of PGD (d=0.86) and PTSD (d=0.28) than relatives of missing persons, when taking relevant covariates (i.e., gender, time since loss, and kinship to the disappeared/deceased person) into account.LIMITATIONS: A limitation of this study is the use of self-report measures instead of clinical interviews.CONCLUSION: Prior studies among relatives of missing persons and homicidally bereaved individuals in the context of armed conflict may not be generalizable to similar samples outside these contexts. Future research is needed to further explore differences in bereavement-related psychopathology between different groups and correlates and treatment of this psychopathology.

KW - DISORDER

KW - VALIDITY

KW - RELIABILITY

U2 - 10.1016/j.jad.2016.11.012

DO - 10.1016/j.jad.2016.11.012

M3 - Editorial

C2 - 27865122

VL - 209

SP - 1

EP - 2

JO - Journal of Affective Disorders

JF - Journal of Affective Disorders

SN - 0165-0327

ER -

ID: 37363112