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Prognostic model for chronic hypertension in women with a history of hypertensive pregnancy disorders at term

Visser, V. S., Hermes, W., Twisk, J., Franx, A., van Pampus, M. G., Koopmans, C., Mol, B. W. J. & de Groot, C. J. M. Oct-2017 In : Pregnancy Hypertension. 10, p. 118-123 6 p.

Research output: Scientific - peer-reviewArticle

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  • Prognostic model for chronic hypertension in women with a history of hypertensive pregnancy disorders at term

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DOI

  • V. S. Visser
  • W. Hermes
  • J. Twisk
  • A. Franx
  • M. G. van Pampus
  • C. Koopmans
  • B. W. J. Mol
  • C. J. M. de Groot

Introduction: The association between hypertensive pregnancy disorders and cardiovascular disease later in life is well described. In this study we aim to develop a prognostic model from patients characteristics known before, early in, during and after pregnancy to identify women at increased risk of cardiovascular disease e.g. chronic hypertension years after pregnancy complicated by hypertension at term.

Methods: We included women with a history of singleton pregnancy complicated by hypertension at term. Women using antihypertensive medication before pregnancy were excluded. We measured hypertension in these women more than 2 years postpartum. Different patients characteristics before, early in, during and after pregnancy were considered to develop a prognostic model of chronic hypertension at 2-years. These included amongst others maternal age, blood pressure at pregnancy intake and blood pressure six weeks post-partum. Univariable analyses followed by a multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to determine which combination of predictors best predicted chronic hypertension. Model performance was assessed by calibration (graphical plot) and discrimination (area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUC)).

Results: Of the 305 women in who blood pressure 2.5 years after pregnancy was assessed, 105 women (34%) had chronic hypertension. The following patient characteristics were significant associated with chronic hypertension: higher maternal age, lower education, negative family history on hypertensive pregnancy disorders, higher BMI at booking, higher diastolic blood pressure at pregnancy intake, higher systolic blood pressure during pregnancy and higher diastolic blood pressure at six weeks post-partum. These characteristics were included in the prognostic model for chronic hypertension. Model performance was good as indicated by good calibration and good discrimination (AUC; 0.83 (95% CI 0.75 - 0.92).

Conclusion: Chronic hypertension can be expected from patient characteristics before, early in, during and after pregnancy. These data underline the importance and awareness of detectable risk factors both for increased risk of complicated pregnancy as well as increased risk of cardiovascular disease later in life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118-123
Number of pages6
JournalPregnancy Hypertension
Volume10
StatePublished - Oct-2017
Externally publishedYes

    Keywords

  • CARDIOVASCULAR RISK-FACTORS, CORONARY-HEART-DISEASE, PREECLAMPSIA, COMPLICATIONS, PREDICTION, COHORT, LIFE

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