Probing Sizes and Shapes of Nobelium Isotopes by Laser SpectroscopyRaeder, S., Ackermann, D., Backe, H., Beerwerth, R., Berengut, J. C., Block, M., Borschevsky, A., Cheal, B., Chhetri, P., Düllmann, C. E., Dzuba, V. A., Eliav, E., Even, J., Ferrer, R., Flambaum, V. V., Fritzsche, S., Giacoppo, F., Götz, S., Heßberger, F. P., Huyse, M., Kaldor, U., Kaleja, O., Khuyagbaatar, J., Kunz, P., Laatiaoui, M., Lautenschläger, F., Lauth, W., Mistry, A. K., Minaya Ramirez, E., Nazarewicz, W., Porsev, S. G., Safronova, M. S., Safronova, U. I., Schuetrumpf, B., Van Duppen, P., Walther, T., Wraith, C. & Yakushev, A., 8-Jun-2018, In : Physical Review Letters. 120, 23, 6 p., 232503.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
Until recently, ground-state nuclear moments of the heaviest nuclei could only be inferred from nuclear spectroscopy, where model assumptions are required. Laser spectroscopy in combination with modern atomic structure calculations is now able to probe these moments directly, in a comprehensive and nuclear-model-independent way. Here we report on unique access to the differential mean-square charge radii of No-252; 253; 254, and therefore to changes in nuclear size and shape. State-of-the-art nuclear density functional calculations describe well the changes in nuclear charge radii in the region of the heavy actinides, indicating an appreciable central depression in the deformed proton density distribution in No-252; 254 isotopes. Finally, the hyperfine splitting of No-253 was evaluated, enabling a complementary measure of its (quadrupole) deformation, as well as an insight into the neutron single-particle wave function via the nuclear spin and magnetic moment.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Physical Review Letters|
|Publication status||Published - 8-Jun-2018|
- SUPERHEAVY ELEMENTS, DROPLET-MODEL, IN-BEAM, PRODUCTS, NUCLEI, UPDATE, MASSES, NO-254, SHIP