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Primary aldosteronism is associated with decreased low-density and high-density lipoprotein particle concentrations and increased GlycA, a pro-inflammatory glycoprotein biomarker

Berends, A. M. A., Buitenwerf, E., Gruppen, E. G., Sluiter, W. J., Bakker, S. J. L., Connelly, M. A., Kerstens, M. N. & Dullaart, R. P. F., Jan-2019, In : Clinical Endocrinology. 90, 1, p. 79-87 9 p.

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  • Primary aldosteronism is associated with decreased low‐density

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Background: Primary aldosteronism (PA) may confer increased cardiovascular risk beyond effects on systemic blood pressure, but contributing mechanisms remain incompletely understood. We compared plasma (apo)lipoproteins and lipoprotein particle characteristics, GlycA, a pro-inflammatory glycoprotein biomarker of enhanced chronic inflammation, and plasma total branched-chain amino acids (BCAA), measured using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, between patients with PA, control subjects without hypertension, subjects with untreated hypertension and subjects with treated hypertension. 

Methods: Twenty PA patients were individually matched with 2819 control subjects without hypertension, 501 subjects with untreated hypertension and 878 subjects with treated hypertension participating in the PREVEND (Prevention of Renal and Vascular End-Stage Disease) cohort study with respect to age, sex, body mass index, smoking and statin use. The Vantera (R) Clinical Analyzer was used to determine NMR-based laboratory parameters. 

Results: Total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), apolipoprotein (apo) B, apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I), LDL particle and HDL particle concentrations were all decreased in PA subjects vs control subjects and subjects with untreated hypertension (P <0.016). Triglycerides (TG) and triglyceride-rich lipoprotein (TRL) concentrations were lower in PA subjects vs subjects with (untreated) hypertension. GlycA was increased in PA vs the three comparator groups (P <0.016). Total BCAA concentrations were unaltered in PA. 

Conclusions: Primary aldosteronism is associated with lower concentrations of LDL and HDL particles and to some extent also with lower TG and TRL particle concentrations. PA is also characterized by increased GlycA levels, indicating enhanced low-grade chronic inflammation. Low HDL particle concentrations and increased GlycA could contribute to accelerated cardiovascular disease development in PA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-87
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Endocrinology
Volume90
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan-2019

    Keywords

  • branched-chain amino acids, GlycA, high-density lipoproteins, lipid protein subfractions, low-density lipoproteins, nuclear magnetic spectroscopy, primary aldosteronism, CHAIN AMINO-ACIDS, CARDIOVASCULAR EVENTS, BRANCHED-CHAIN, INSULIN-RESISTANCE, PLASMA-ALDOSTERONE, METABOLIC SYNDROME, IN-VIVO, RISK, PREVALENCE, PROTEIN

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