Preference for Non-Cooperative Economic Strategies is Associated with Lower Perceived Self-Efficacy, Fewer Positive Emotions, and Less Optimism

Karamanoli, V., Fousiani, K. & Sakalaki, M., 2014, In : Psychological Reports. 115, 1, p. 199-212 14 p.

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The goal was to investigate the association of economic opportunism with self-efficacy, optimism, and positive emotion. It was hypothesized that economic opportunists should experience lower self-efficacy, less positive thinking, and less optimism. Study 1 (N = 206) showed that economic opportunism was negatively correlated with self-efficacy, optimism, and positive affect, and positively correlated with negative affect. Study 2 (N = 128) indicated that individuals reporting higher self-efficacy were less likely to defect on their counterparts in a game situation. These findings show the negative association of opportunistic propensity with self-efficacy and positive emotions. Implications for experimental research on economic opportunism and positive emotions are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-212
Number of pages14
JournalPsychological Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

ID: 98232296