Predictive CO2-Efficient Scheduling of Hybrid Electric and Thermal Loads: 2019 IEEE International Conference on Energy Internet (ICEI)

Fiorini, L. & Aiello, M., 2019, 2019 IEEE International Conference on Energy Internet (ICEI). IEEE, p. 392-397 6 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Copy link to clipboard


  • Predictive CO2-Efficient Scheduling of Hybrid Electric and Thermal Loads

    Final publisher's version, 183 KB, PDF document

    Request copy


The current energy transition leading towards decentralized generation and low emission sources challenges our energy systems. With multiple energy sources available, the complexity of households as energy systems increases, while growing energy consumptions imply a higher environmental impact that, in the context of decarbonization, needs to be addressed. We investigate the potential for smart homes to lower their environmental impact in terms of CO 2 emissions through a home energy management system (HEMS). This is achieved by adopting a model predictive control (MPC) to minimize CO 2 emissions due to the consumptions of gas and electricity by scheduling the operation of time-flexible appliances and by changing the energy carriers to supply electric and thermal loads. The scheduling problem is formulated as a mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) program subject to constraints that reflect the users' preferences in operation and allowed delays of individual appliances, as well as main characteristics of different household technologies. Using statistical data available for German households and emission factor of the German power grid, we show that the proposed approach can reduce the daily emissions of a group of 300 households by up to 27% (i.e., 599 kgCO 2 eq), while satisfying users' comfort preferences.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 IEEE International Conference on Energy Internet (ICEI)
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-1493-4
ISBN (Print) 978-1-7281-1494-1
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • air pollution control, building management systems, buildings (structures), domestic appliances, energy conservation, energy consumption, integer programming, linear programming, power grids, predictive control, renewable energy sources, scheduling, statistical analysis, home energy management system, model predictive control, mixed-integer linear programming, energy transition, building energy consumptions, CO2-efficient scheduling, energy sources, environmental impact, decarbonization, household technologies, emission control, German households, German power grid, statistical data, thermal loads, hybrid electric, CO2, Home appliances, Space heating, Water heating, Thermal loading, Boilers, Optimal scheduling, Resistance heating, Carbon emissions, Hybrid appliances, Thermal load, Model predictive control

ID: 95574155