Preclinical PET imaging of bispecific antibody ERY974 targeting CD3 and glypican 3 reveals that tumor uptake correlates to T cell infiltrate

Waaijer, S. J., Giesen, D., Ishiguro, T., Sano, Y., Sugaya, N., Schröder, C. P., de Vries, E. G. & Lub-de Hooge, M. N., 2020, In : Journal for immunotherapy of cancer. 8, 1, 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

BACKGROUND: Bispecific antibodies redirecting T cells to the tumor obtain increasing interest as potential cancer immunotherapy. ERY974, a full-length bispecific antibody targeting CD3ε on T cells and glypican 3 (GPC3) on tumors, has been in clinical development However, information on the influence of T cells on biodistribution of bispecific antibodies, like ERY974, is scarce. Here, we report the biodistribution and tumor targeting of zirconium-89 (89Zr) labeled ERY974 in mouse models using immuno-positron emission tomography (PET) imaging.

METHODS: To study both the role of GPC3 and CD3 on the biodistribution of [89Zr]Zr-N-suc-Df-ERY974, 89Zr-labeled control antibodies targeting CD3 and non-mammalian protein keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) or KLH only were used. GPC3 dependent tumor targeting of [89Zr]Zr-N-suc-Df-ERY974 was tested in xenograft models with different levels of GPC3 expression. In addition, CD3 influence on biodistribution of [89Zr]Zr-N-suc-Df-ERY974 was evaluated by comparing biodistribution between tumor-bearing immunodeficient mice and mice reconstituted with human immune cells using microPET imaging and ex vivo biodistribution. Ex vivo autoradiography was used to study deep tissue distribution.

RESULTS: In tumor-bearing immunodeficient mice, [89Zr]Zr-N-suc-Df-ERY974 tumor uptake was GPC3 dependent and specific over [89Zr]Zr-N-suc-Df-KLH/CD3 and [89Zr]Zr-N-suc-Df-KLH/KLH. In mice engrafted with human immune cells, [89Zr]Zr-N-suc-Df-ERY974 specific tumor uptake was higher than in immunodeficient mice. Ex vivo autoradiography demonstrated a preferential distribution of [89Zr]Zr-N-suc-Df-ERY974 to T cell rich tumor tissue. Next to tumor, highest specific [89Zr]Zr-N-suc-Df-ERY974 uptake was observed in spleen and lymph nodes.

CONCLUSION: [89Zr]Zr-N-suc-Df-ERY974 can potentially be used to study ERY974 biodistribution in patients to support drug development.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalJournal for immunotherapy of cancer
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • antibodies, neoplasm, immunotherapy, lymphocyte activation, translational medical research, T-lymphocytes, BIODISTRIBUTION

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