Publication

Positive affective functioning in anhedonic individuals' daily life: Anything but Flat and Blunted

Heininga, V. E., Van Roekel, E., Ahles, J. J., Oldehinkel, A. J. & Mezulis, A. H., 15-Aug-2017, In : Journal of Affective Disorders. 218, p. 437-445 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

APA

Heininga, V. E., Van Roekel, E., Ahles, J. J., Oldehinkel, A. J., & Mezulis, A. H. (2017). Positive affective functioning in anhedonic individuals' daily life: Anything but Flat and Blunted. Journal of Affective Disorders, 218, 437-445. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2017.04.029

Author

Heininga, V E ; Van Roekel, E ; Ahles, J J ; Oldehinkel, A J ; Mezulis, A H. / Positive affective functioning in anhedonic individuals' daily life : Anything but Flat and Blunted. In: Journal of Affective Disorders. 2017 ; Vol. 218. pp. 437-445.

Harvard

Heininga, VE, Van Roekel, E, Ahles, JJ, Oldehinkel, AJ & Mezulis, AH 2017, 'Positive affective functioning in anhedonic individuals' daily life: Anything but Flat and Blunted', Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 218, pp. 437-445. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2017.04.029

Standard

Positive affective functioning in anhedonic individuals' daily life : Anything but Flat and Blunted. / Heininga, V E; Van Roekel, E; Ahles, J J; Oldehinkel, A J; Mezulis, A H.

In: Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 218, 15.08.2017, p. 437-445.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Vancouver

Heininga VE, Van Roekel E, Ahles JJ, Oldehinkel AJ, Mezulis AH. Positive affective functioning in anhedonic individuals' daily life: Anything but Flat and Blunted. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2017 Aug 15;218:437-445. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2017.04.029


BibTeX

@article{9f869021109b44739cb55268c3c600dc,
title = "Positive affective functioning in anhedonic individuals' daily life: Anything but Flat and Blunted",
abstract = "Background Anhedonia, the decreased interest and pleasure, is often described as 'flat' or 'blunted' positive affect (PA). Yet, little is known about PA functioning in anhedonic individuals' daily lives. The current study investigates PA reactivity to pleasurable experiences in anhedonia together with its relevant temporal dynamics (i.e., variability, instability, and inertia), and expands current knowledge by exploring the role of arousal therein.Methods: Using the Experience Sampling Method (ESM), we collected 90 assessments of real-life PA experiences across 30 days in 18-24 year old individuals with anhedonia (N = 69) and without anhedonia (N = 69).Results: Multilevel analyses showed that anhedonia was associated with less intense pleasure experience, and lower levels of PA. Contrary to predictions from laboratory research and depression theory, individuals with anhedonia showed more variability and less stability in PA, and no signs of blunted PA reactivity. In fact, when exploring high and low arousal PA, individuals with anhedonia showed a slightly stronger reactivity to pleasurable experiences in high-arousal PA but not low-arousal PA.Limitations: We did not control for previous pleasure experiences and, instead of the last positive event, accumulation of positive events may have determined the change in high-arousal PA.Conclusions: Individuals with anhedonia are likely less 'flat' or 'blunted' than generally thought. Although replication is warranted, impairments in high-arousal positive emotions may be of particular interest in the clinical treatment of anhedonia.",
keywords = "Ecological momentary assessment (EMA), Anhedonia, Reward, Positive affect (PA), Emotional reactivity, Mood-brightening effect, MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER, EMOTIONAL EXPERIENCE, MOMENTARY ASSESSMENT, APPROACH MOTIVATION, MOOD, DYNAMICS, REWARD, TIME, SCHIZOPHRENIA, METAANALYSIS",
author = "Heininga, {V E} and {Van Roekel}, E and Ahles, {J J} and Oldehinkel, {A J} and Mezulis, {A H}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
year = "2017",
month = "8",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.jad.2017.04.029",
language = "English",
volume = "218",
pages = "437--445",
journal = "Journal of Affective Disorders",
issn = "0165-0327",
publisher = "ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Positive affective functioning in anhedonic individuals' daily life

T2 - Anything but Flat and Blunted

AU - Heininga, V E

AU - Van Roekel, E

AU - Ahles, J J

AU - Oldehinkel, A J

AU - Mezulis, A H

N1 - Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PY - 2017/8/15

Y1 - 2017/8/15

N2 - Background Anhedonia, the decreased interest and pleasure, is often described as 'flat' or 'blunted' positive affect (PA). Yet, little is known about PA functioning in anhedonic individuals' daily lives. The current study investigates PA reactivity to pleasurable experiences in anhedonia together with its relevant temporal dynamics (i.e., variability, instability, and inertia), and expands current knowledge by exploring the role of arousal therein.Methods: Using the Experience Sampling Method (ESM), we collected 90 assessments of real-life PA experiences across 30 days in 18-24 year old individuals with anhedonia (N = 69) and without anhedonia (N = 69).Results: Multilevel analyses showed that anhedonia was associated with less intense pleasure experience, and lower levels of PA. Contrary to predictions from laboratory research and depression theory, individuals with anhedonia showed more variability and less stability in PA, and no signs of blunted PA reactivity. In fact, when exploring high and low arousal PA, individuals with anhedonia showed a slightly stronger reactivity to pleasurable experiences in high-arousal PA but not low-arousal PA.Limitations: We did not control for previous pleasure experiences and, instead of the last positive event, accumulation of positive events may have determined the change in high-arousal PA.Conclusions: Individuals with anhedonia are likely less 'flat' or 'blunted' than generally thought. Although replication is warranted, impairments in high-arousal positive emotions may be of particular interest in the clinical treatment of anhedonia.

AB - Background Anhedonia, the decreased interest and pleasure, is often described as 'flat' or 'blunted' positive affect (PA). Yet, little is known about PA functioning in anhedonic individuals' daily lives. The current study investigates PA reactivity to pleasurable experiences in anhedonia together with its relevant temporal dynamics (i.e., variability, instability, and inertia), and expands current knowledge by exploring the role of arousal therein.Methods: Using the Experience Sampling Method (ESM), we collected 90 assessments of real-life PA experiences across 30 days in 18-24 year old individuals with anhedonia (N = 69) and without anhedonia (N = 69).Results: Multilevel analyses showed that anhedonia was associated with less intense pleasure experience, and lower levels of PA. Contrary to predictions from laboratory research and depression theory, individuals with anhedonia showed more variability and less stability in PA, and no signs of blunted PA reactivity. In fact, when exploring high and low arousal PA, individuals with anhedonia showed a slightly stronger reactivity to pleasurable experiences in high-arousal PA but not low-arousal PA.Limitations: We did not control for previous pleasure experiences and, instead of the last positive event, accumulation of positive events may have determined the change in high-arousal PA.Conclusions: Individuals with anhedonia are likely less 'flat' or 'blunted' than generally thought. Although replication is warranted, impairments in high-arousal positive emotions may be of particular interest in the clinical treatment of anhedonia.

KW - Ecological momentary assessment (EMA)

KW - Anhedonia

KW - Reward

KW - Positive affect (PA)

KW - Emotional reactivity

KW - Mood-brightening effect

KW - MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER

KW - EMOTIONAL EXPERIENCE

KW - MOMENTARY ASSESSMENT

KW - APPROACH MOTIVATION

KW - MOOD

KW - DYNAMICS

KW - REWARD

KW - TIME

KW - SCHIZOPHRENIA

KW - METAANALYSIS

U2 - 10.1016/j.jad.2017.04.029

DO - 10.1016/j.jad.2017.04.029

M3 - Article

VL - 218

SP - 437

EP - 445

JO - Journal of Affective Disorders

JF - Journal of Affective Disorders

SN - 0165-0327

ER -

ID: 41802290