Publication

PnuT uses a facilitated diffusion mechanism for thiamine uptake

Jaehme, M., Singh, R., Garaeva, A. A., Duurkens, R. H. & Slotboom, D-J., Dec-2017, In : Journal of general physiology. 150, 1, p. 41-50 9 p., jgp.201711850.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Membrane transporters of the bacterial pyridine nucleotide uptake (Pnu) family mediate the uptake of various B-type vitamins. For example, the PnuT transporters have specificity for vitamin B1 (thiamine). It has been hypothesized that Pnu transporters are facilitators that allow passive transport of the vitamin substrate across the membrane. Metabolic trapping by phosphorylation would then lead to accumulation of the transported substrates in the cytoplasm. However, experimental evidence for such a transport mechanism is lacking. Here, to determine the mechanism of thiamine transport, we purify PnuTSw from Shewanella woodyi and reconstitute it in liposomes to determine substrate binding and transport properties. We show that the electrochemical gradient of thiamine solely determines the direction of transport, consistent with a facilitated diffusion mechanism. Further, PnuTSw can bind and transport thiamine as well as the thiamine analogues pyrithiamine and oxythiamine, but does not recognize the phosphorylated derivatives thiamine monophosphate and thiamine pyrophosphate as substrates, consistent with a metabolic trapping mechanism. Guided by the crystal structure of the homologous nicotinamide riboside transporter PnuC, we perform mutagenesis experiments, which reveal residues involved in substrate binding and gating. The facilitated diffusion mechanism of transport used by PnuTSw contrasts sharply with the active transport mechanisms used by other bacterial thiamine transporters.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberjgp.201711850
Pages (from-to)41-50
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of general physiology
Volume150
Issue number1
Early online date4-Dec-2017
Publication statusPublished - Dec-2017

    Keywords

  • COUPLING FACTOR TRANSPORTER, MEMBRANE-PROTEINS, CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE, ABC TRANSPORTERS, ECF TRANSPORTER, BINDING, IDENTIFICATION, BIOSYNTHESIS, PROKARYOTES, BACTERIA

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