Publication

Planning and complexity: Engaging with temporal dynamics, uncertainty and complex adaptive systems

Sengupta, U., Rauws, W. S. & de Roo, G., Nov-2016, In : Environment and planning b-Planning & design. 43, 6, p. 970-974 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorialAcademicpeer-review

Copy link to clipboard

Documents

  • Planning and complexity

    Final publisher's version, 99 KB, PDF document

DOI

The nature of complex systems as a transdisciplinary collection of concepts from physics and economics to sociology and ecology provides an evolving field of inquiry (Laszlo and Krippner, 1998) for urban planning and urban design. As a result, planning theory has assimilated multiple concepts from the complexity sciences over the past decades. The seemingly chaotic or non-linear urban phenomena resulting from the combination of hard and soft systems (Checkland, 1989) or physical and environmental aspects of the city with human intervention, motivation and perception have been of particular interest in the context of increasing criticism of top-down approaches. Processes such as self- organisation, temporal dynamics and transition, previously ignored or assumed problematic within equilibrium-centred conceptualisations or mechanistic theories, have found their way back into planning through complexity theories of cities (CTC) (Allen, 1997; Batty, 2007; de Roo and Silva, 2010; Marshall, 2012; Portugali, 2011b). While there is an overlap with Structuralist-Marxist and humanistic perspectives (Portugali, 2011c) and a continuity from an older science of cities (Batty, 2013), it is interesting to observe the engagement with bottom-up phenomena, structural and functional co-evolution and resultant adaptable and self-organisational systems within complexity planning. It has taken time for planning to adopt complexity thinking beyond metaphor or common usage of the term, but we now appear to be at a tipping point where complexity planning is exploring methods of engagement and cognition, rather than the question of whether cities are complex.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)970-974
Number of pages5
JournalEnvironment and planning b-Planning & design
Volume43
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov-2016

    Keywords

  • complex adaptive systems, temporal dynamics, uncertainty, urban planning
Related Publications
  1. Adaptive planning: Generating conditions for urban adaptability.Lessons from Dutch organic development strategies

    Rauws, W. & de Roo, G., 1-Nov-2016, In : Environment and planning b-Planning & design. 43, 6, p. 1052-1074 23 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

View all (1) »

Related Activities
  1. New Sciences and Actions for Complex Cities

    Ward Rauws (Invited speaker)
    14-Dec-201715-Dec-2017

    Activity: Participating in or organising an eventOrganising an eventAcademic

  2. 12th meeting AESOP's thematic group on Planning & Complexity: Confronting Urban Planning and Design with Complexity: Methods for Inevitable Transformation

    Ward Rauws (Speaker)
    16-Jan-2014

    Activity: Participating in or organising an eventParticipation in conferenceAcademic

View all (2) »

ID: 37002994