Pharmacogenetics of drug-drug interaction and drug-drug-gene interaction: A systematic review on CYP2C9, CYP2C19 and CYP2D6

Bahar, M. A., Setiawan, D., Hak, E. & Wilffert, B., May-2017, In : Pharmacogenomics. 18, 7, p. 701-743 40 p.

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  • Pharmacogenetics of drug–drug interaction and drug–drug–gene interaction: a systematic review on CYP2C9, CYP2C19 and CYP2D6

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Currently, most guidelines on drug-drug interaction (DDI) neither consider the potential effect of genetic polymorphism in the strength of the interaction nor do they account for the complex interaction caused by the combination of DDI and drug-gene interaction (DGI) where there are multiple biotransformation pathways, which is referred to as drug-drug-gene interaction (DDGI). In this systematic review, we report the impact of pharmacogenetics on DDI and DDGI in which three major drug-metabolizing enzymes - CYP2C9, CYP2C19 and CYP2D6 - are central. We observed that several DDI and DDGI are highly gene-dependent, leading to a different magnitude of interaction. Precision drug therapy should take pharmacogenetics into account when drug interactions in clinical practice are expected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)701-743
Number of pages40
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - May-2017


  • Journal Article

ID: 41911224