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Pex22p of Pichia pastoris, essential for peroxisomal matrix protein import, anchors the ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme, Pex4p, on the peroxisomal membrane

Koller, A., Snyder, WB., Faber, KN., Wenzel, TJ., Rangell, L., Keller, GA. & Subramani, S., 12-Jul-1999, In : Journal of Cell Biology. 146, 1, p. 99-112 14 p.

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  • Pex22p of Pichia pastoris, Essential for Peroxisomal Matrix Protein Import, Anchors the Ubiquitin-Conjugating

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DOI

  • A Koller
  • WB Snyder
  • KN Faber
  • TJ Wenzel
  • L Rangell
  • GA Keller
  • Suresh Subramani

We isolated a Pichia pastoris mutant: that was unable to grow on the peroxisome-requiring media, methanol and oleate. Cloning the gene by complementation revealed that the encoded protein, Pex22p, is a new peroxin. A Delta pex22 strain does not grow on methanol or oleate and is unable to import peroxisomal matrix proteins. However, this strain targets peroxisomal membrane proteins to membranes, most likely peroxisomal remnants, detectable by fluorescence and electron microscopy. Pex22p, composed of 187 amino acids, is an integral peroxisomal membrane protein with its NH2 terminus in the matrix and its COOH terminus in the cytosol. It contains a 25-amino acid peroxisome membrane-targeting signal at its NH2 terminus. Pex22p interacts with the ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme Pex4p, a peripheral peroxisomal membrane protein, in vivo, and in a yeast two-hybrid experiment. Pex22p is required for the peroxisomal localization of Pex4p and in strains lacking Pex22p, the Pex4p is cytosolic and unstable. Therefore, Pex22p anchors Pex4p at the peroxisomal membrane. Strains that do not express Pex4p or Pex22p have similar phenotypes and lack Pex5p, suggesting that Pex4p and Pex22p act at the same step in peroxisome biogenesis. The Saccharomyces cerevisiae hypothetical protein, Yaf5p, is the functional homologue of P. pastoris Pex22p.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-112
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Cell Biology
Volume146
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 12-Jul-1999
Externally publishedYes

    Keywords

  • organelle, peroxin, peroxisome, protein transport, yeast, RAT-LIVER PEROXISOMES, SACCHAROMYCES-CEREVISIAE, HANSENULA-POLYMORPHA, PTS1 RECEPTOR, GENE ENCODES, BIOGENESIS, IDENTIFICATION, PEX13P, PEX5P, PROLIFERATION

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