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Perioperative antithrombotic therapy does not increase the incidence of early postoperative thromboembolic complications and bleeding in kidney transplantation - a retrospective study

van den Berg, T. A. J., Minnee, R. C., Lisman, T., Nieuwenhuijs-Moeke, G. J., van de Wetering, J., Bakker, S. J. L. & Pol, R. A., Apr-2019, In : Transplant International. 32, 4, p. 418-430 13 p.

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Perioperative antithrombotic therapy could play a role in preventing thromboembolic complications (TEC) after kidney transplantation (KTx), but little is known on postoperative bleeding risks. This retrospective analysis comprises 2000 single-organ KTx recipients transplanted between 2011-2016 in the two largest transplant centers of the Netherlands. TEC and bleeding events were scored ≤7 days post-KTx. Primary analyses were for associations of antithrombotic therapy with incidence of TEC and bleeding. Secondary analyses were for associations of other potential risk factors. Mean age was 55±14 years, 59% was male and 60% received a living donor kidney. Twenty-one patients (1.1%) had a TEC. Multiple donor arteries (OR 2.79 [1.15-6.79]) and obesity (OR 2.85 [1.19-6.82]) were identified as potential risk factors for TEC. Bleeding occurred in 88 patients (4.4%) and incidence varied significantly between different antithrombotic therapies (P=0.006). Cardiovascular disease (OR 2.01 [1.18-3.42]), preemptive KTx (OR 2.23 [1.28-3.89]), postoperative heparin infusion (OR 1.69 [1.00-2.85]) and vitamin K antagonists (OR 6.60 [2.95-14.77]) were associated with an increased bleeding risk. Intraoperative heparin and antiplatelet therapy were not associated with increased bleeding risk. These regimens appear to be safe for the possible prevention of TEC without increasing the risk for bleeding after kidney transplantation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)418-430
Number of pages13
JournalTransplant International
Volume32
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr-2019

    Keywords

  • anticoagulation, bleeding, kidney transplant, risk factors, thrombosis, RENAL-TRANSPLANTATION, RISK-FACTORS, VASCULAR COMPLICATIONS, GRAFT LOSS, THROMBOSIS, ANTICOAGULATION, RECIPIENTS, HEPARIN, INDEX
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  1. van Walree Grant

    Tamar Berg, van den (Recipient), 18-Jul-2018

    PrizeAcademic

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