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Perception in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Fuermaier, A. B. M., Hüpen, P., De Vries, S. M., Müller, M., Kok, F. M., Koerts, J., Heutink, J., Tucha, L., Gerlach, M. & Tucha, O., Mar-2018, In : ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders. 10, 1, p. 21-47 27 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

A large body of research demonstrated that individuals with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) suffer from various neuropsychological deficits. In contrast, less is known and only divergent evidence exists on perceptual functions of individuals with ADHD. This is problematic as neuropsychological and perceptual functions are closely interrelated and are often difficult to disentangle in behavioral assessments. This study presents the conduct and results of a systematic literature review on perceptual functions in children and adults with ADHD. This review considers studies using psychophysical methods (objective measurements) and self- and informant reports (subjective measurements). Results indicate that individuals with ADHD have altered perceptual functions in various domains as compared to typically developing individuals. Increased perceptual functions in individuals with ADHD were found with regard to olfactory detection thresholds, whereas reduced perceptual functions were evident for aspects of visual and speech perception. Moreover, individuals with ADHD were found to experience discomfort to sensory stimuli at a lower level than typically developing individuals. Alterations of perceptual functions in individuals with ADHD were shown to be moderated by various factors, such as pharmacological treatment, cognitive functions, and symptom severity. We conclude by giving implications for daily life functioning and clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-47
Number of pages27
JournalADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
Volume10
Issue number1
Early online date11-Apr-2017
Publication statusPublished - Mar-2018

    Keywords

  • Journal Article, Review, DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER, CONTRAST SENSITIVITY, NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT, OLFACTORY IDENTIFICATION, PARKINSONS-DISEASE, PRESCHOOL-CHILDREN, SPEECH RECOGNITION, AUDITORY MASKING, COLOR-PERCEPTION, DAILY-LIFE

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