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Perceived control and long-term changes in disability in late middle-aged and older persons: An eight-year follow-up study

Kempen, GIJM., Ranchor, AV., Ormel, J., Van Sonderen, E., Van Jaarsveld, CHM. & Sanderman, R., Apr-2005, In : Psychology & Health. 20, 2, p. 193-206 14 p.

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This article examined the predictive role of perceived control in long-term changes in disability among 1541 independently living older persons. Disability referred to self-reported difficulties with (instrumental) activities of daily living. Perceived control referred to the extent to which one assumes oneself as having control over one's life chances, unlike the fatalistic assumption that one's life is ruled by external factors. Data on disability and perceived control were collected in 1993 and recollected in 2001. Covariates included age, gender, living arrangement, level of education, and the number of chronic medical conditions. Regression equations were estimated with disability in 2001 as outcome and the selected variables as predictors. The level of perceived control decreased and the level of disability increased significantly over an 8-year period. The predictive role of perceived control for subsequent change in disability was statistically significant but not very strong. The association between perceived control in 1993 and disability in 2001 was stronger for older persons (>65 years) compared to younger persons (

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-206
Number of pages14
JournalPsychology & Health
Volume20
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr-2005

    Keywords

  • perceived control, ageing, disability, mastery, prospective study, older people, Netherlands, CHRONIC MEDICAL CONDITIONS, QUALITY-OF-LIFE, ACTIVITY RESTRICTION SCALE, SELF-MANAGEMENT PROGRAM, PSYCHOLOGICAL ATTRIBUTES, HEALTH-STATUS, PSYCHOSOCIAL PREDICTORS, DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS, MENTAL-HEALTH, LIMITATIONS

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