Pediatric Coronary Artery Revascularization: A European Multicenter Study

Vida, V. L., Torregrossa, G., De Franceschi, M., Padalino, M. A., Belli, E., Berggren, H., Cicek, S., Ebels, T., Fragata, J., Hoel, T. N., Horer, J., Hraska, V., Kostolny, M., Lindberg, H., Mueller, C., Pretre, R., Rosser, B., Rubay, J., Schreiber, C., Speggiorin, S., Tlaskal, T., Stellin, G. & ECHSA, Sep-2013, In : Annals of thoracic surgery. 96, 3, p. 898-903 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • Vladimiro L. Vida
  • Gianluca Torregrossa
  • Marco De Franceschi
  • Massimo A. Padalino
  • Emre Belli
  • Hakan Berggren
  • Sertac Cicek
  • Tjark Ebels
  • Jose Fragata
  • Tom N. Hoel
  • Jurgen Horer
  • Viktor Hraska
  • Martin Kostolny
  • Harald Lindberg
  • Christoph Mueller
  • Rene Pretre
  • Barbara Rosser
  • Jean Rubay
  • Christian Schreiber
  • Simone Speggiorin
  • Tomas Tlaskal
  • Giovanni Stellin

Background. We sought to evaluate the hospital and midterm results of different surgical revascularization techniques in pediatric patients within the European Congenital Heart Surgeons Association.

Methods. From 1973 to 2011, 80 patients from 13 European Congenital Heart Surgeons Association centers underwent 65 pediatric coronary artery bypass grafting (PCABG) and 27 other coronary artery procedures (OCAP; 12 patients had combined PCABG and other coronary artery procedures). Excluded were patients with Kawasaki disease. Median age at the time of coronary procedure was 2.3 years (range, 2 days to 16.9 years); 33 patients (41.2%) were younger then 12 months. An emergency procedure was necessary in 34 patients (42.5%).

Results. Twelve patients (15%) died in the hospital; age at surgery (p = 0.02) and the need for an emergent procedure (p = 0.0004) were related to hospital mortality. Median follow-up time was 7.6 years (range, 0.9 to 23 years). There were 3 late cardiac deaths, all after a median time of 4 years (range, 9 months to 8.8 years) after PCABG. Fourteen patients (20.5%) presented with symptoms, including congestive heart failure (n = 10) and angina (n = 4), that were significantly associated with a low ejection fraction (p <0.001) and the presence of moderate or severe mitral valve regurgitation (p = 0.0003). Six patients underwent a reintervention for impaired myocardial perfusion; all of them had a stenotic or atretic PCABG (p= 0.001), and the majority were symptomatic (5 of 6 patients; 83.3%; p = 0.001).

Conclusions. Both PCABG and other coronary artery procedures are suitable surgical options in pediatric patients with impaired myocardial perfusion, which increases operative and midterm survival. Such population of patients needs to be followed for life to prevent and treat any possible cause of further myocardial ischemia. (C) 2013 by The Society of Thoracic Surgeons

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)898-903
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of thoracic surgery
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep-2013



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