Organic Reference Materials for Hydrogen, Carbon, and Nitrogen Stable Isotope-Ratio Measurements: Caffeines, n-Alkanes, Fatty Acid Methyl Esters, Glycines, L-Valines, Polyethylenes, and Oils

Schimmelmann, A., Qi, H., Coplen, T. B., Brand, W. A., Fong, J., Meier-Augenstein, W., Kemp, H. F., Toman, B., Ackermann, A., Assonov, S., Aerts-Bijma, A. T., Brejcha, R., Chikaraishi, Y., Darwish, T., Elsner, M., Gehre, M., Geilmann, H., Groeing, M., Helie, J-F., Herrero-Martin, S., Meijer, H. A. J., Sauer, P. E., Sessions, A. L. & Werner, R. A., 19-Apr-2016, In : Analytical Chemistry. 88, 8, p. 4294-4302 9 p.

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  • Organic Reference Materials for Hydrogen, Carbon, and Nitrogen Stable Isotope-Ratio Measurements: Ca ff eines, n ‑ Alkanes, Fatty Acid Methyl Esters, Glycines, L ‑ Valines, Polyethylenes, and Oils

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  • Arndt Schimmelmann
  • Haiping Qi
  • Tyler B. Coplen
  • Willi A. Brand
  • Jon Fong
  • Wolfram Meier-Augenstein
  • Helen F. Kemp
  • Blaza Toman
  • Annika Ackermann
  • Sergey Assonov
  • Anita T. Aerts-Bijma
  • Ramona Brejcha
  • Yoshito Chikaraishi
  • Tamim Darwish
  • Martin Elsner
  • Matthias Gehre
  • Heike Geilmann
  • Manfred Groeing
  • Jean-Francois Helie
  • Sara Herrero-Martin
  • Harro A. J. Meijer
  • Peter E. Sauer
  • Alex L. Sessions
  • Roland A. Werner

An international project developed, quality-tested, and determined isotope-delta values of 19 new organic reference materials (RMs) for hydrogen, carbon, and nitrogen stable isotope-ratio measurements, in addition to analyzing pre-existing RMs NBS 22 (oil), IAEA-CH-7 (polyethylene foil), and IAEA-600 (caffeine). These new RMs enable users to normalize measurements of samples to isotope-delta scales. The RMs span a range of delta H-2(VSMOW-SLAP) values from -210.8 to +397.0 mUr or parts per thousand, for delta C-13(VPDB-LSVEC) from -40.81 to +0.49 mUr and for delta N-15(Air) from -5.21 to +61.53 mUr. Many of the new RMs are amenable to gas and liquid chromatography. The RMs include triads of isotopically contrasting caffeines, C-16 n-alkanes, n-C-20-fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs), glycines, and L-valines, together with polyethylene powder and string, one n-C-17-FAME, a vacuum oil (NBS 22a) to replace NBS 22 oil, and a H-2-enriched vacuum oil. A total of 11 laboratories from 7 countries used multiple analytical approaches and instrumentation for 2-point isotopic normalization against international primary measurement standards. The use of reference waters in silver tubes allowed direct normalization of delta H-2 values of organic materials against isotopic reference waters following the principle of identical treatment. Bayesian statistical analysis yielded the mean values reported here. New RMs are numbered from USGS61 through USGS78, in addition to NBS 22a. Because of exchangeable hydrogen, amino acid RMs currently are recommended only for carbon- and nitrogen-isotope measurements. Some amino acids contain C-13 and carbon-bound organic H-2-enrichments at different molecular sites to provide RMs for potential site-specific isotopic analysis in future studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4294-4302
Number of pages9
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 19-Apr-2016



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