Oral uridine-5'-monophosphate (UMP) increases brain CDP-choline levels in gerbils

Cansev, M., Watkins, C. J., van der Beek, E. M. & Wurtman, R. J., 5-Oct-2005, In : Brain Research. 1058, 1-2, p. 101-108 8 p.

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  • Oral uridine-5′-monophosphate (UMP) increases brain CDP-choline levels in gerbils

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We examined the biochemical pathways whereby oral uridine-5'-monophosphate (UMP) increases membrane phosphatide synthesis in brains of gerbils. We previously showed that supplementing PC12 cells with uridine caused concentration-related increases in CDP-choline levels, and that this effect was mediated by elevations in intracellular uridine triphosphate (UTP) and cytidine triphosphate (CTP). In the present study, adult gerbils received UMP (1 mmol/kg), a constituent of human breast milk and infant formulas, by gavage, and plasma samples and brains were collected for assay between 5 min and 8 h thereafter. Thirty minutes after gavage, plasma uridine levels were increased from 6.6 +/- 0.58 to 32.7 +/- 1.85 microM (P < 0.001), and brain uridine from 22.6 +/- 2.9 to 89.1 +/- 8.82 pmol/mg tissue (P < 0.001). UMP also significantly increased plasma and brain cytidine levels; however, both basally and following UMP, these levels were much lower than those of uridine. Brain UTP, CTP, and CDP-choline were all elevated 15 min after UMP (from 254 +/- 31.9 to 417 +/- 50.2, [P < 0.05]; 56.8 +/- 1.8 to 71.7 +/- 1.8, [P < 0.001]; and 11.3 +/- 0.5 to 16.4 +/- 1, [P < 0.001] pmol/mg tissue, respectively), returning to basal levels after 20 and 30 min. The smallest UMP dose that significantly increased brain CDP-choline was 0.05 mmol/kg. These results show that oral UMP, a uridine source, enhances the synthesis of CDP-choline, the immediate precursor of PC, in gerbil brain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-108
Number of pages8
JournalBrain Research
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 5-Oct-2005


  • Administration, Oral, Animals, Brain/drug effects, Cytidine Diphosphate Choline/biosynthesis, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Gerbillinae, Male, Membrane Lipids/biosynthesis, Phosphatidylcholines/biosynthesis, Up-Regulation/drug effects, Uridine/blood, Uridine Monophosphate/metabolism

ID: 119140002