On-line continuous monitoring of glucose or lactate by ultraslow microdialysis combined with a flow-through nanoliter biosensor based on poly(m-phenylenediamine) ultra-thin polymer membrane as enzyme electrodeRhemrev-Boom, MM., Jonker, MA., Venema, K., Jobst, G., Tiessen, R. & Korf, J., 2001, In : Analyst. 126, 7, p. 1073-1079 7 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
A miniaturised flow-through biosensor with a cell volume of only a few nanoliters was developed in our laboratory. The biosensor can be directly coupled to a microdialysis or ultrafiltration probe. Sampling and continuous on-line monitoring can thus be carried out at submicroliter levels and as a consequence quantitative recoveries of the analyte of interest are achieved. Via this method excessive calibration procedures, as are necessary with conventional microdialysis, are avoided. Here, the construction and the performance of such a biosensor for the continuous on-line monitoring of glucose and lactate will be presented. The biosensor is based on the amperometric detection of hydrogen peroxide after conversion of the analyte of interest by an immobilised oxidoreductase enzyme. Immobilisation of the enzyme is performed through electropolymerisation of m-phenylenediamine. Strategies to improve the performance (e.g. linearity, selectivity and stability) of the miniaturised biosensor are discussed and ex vivo and in vivo experiments carried out thus far demonstrate the potential of this miniaturised flow-through biosensor.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
- MODIFIED POLY(PHENYLENEDIAMINE)-COATED ELECTRODES, IN-VIVO, IMMOBILIZED ENZYME, HYDROGEN-PEROXIDE, OXIDASE, SENSOR, FILM, ELECTROPOLYMERIZATION, ULTRAFILTRATION, POLYANILINE